18 June 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Activating Africa’s national youth policies for successful PCRD
Institute for Security Studies - ISS
National youth policies in states involved in Africa’s Post-Conflict, Reconstruction and Development (PCRD) programmes are fundamental to the achievement of sustainable peace. This policy brief explores the prospects for and challenges of formulating and implementing these policies in line with the African Union’s PCRD framework. It also examines the readiness of the AU to assist post-conflict states to establish policies that promote the role of young people in peacebuilding.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Decentralisation amidst hybrid governance - The case of northern Mali
The Netherlands Institute of International Relations - Clingendael
The Malian peace agreement of 2015 aimed to improve relations between select representatives of northern Mali and central state authorities through decentralisation. Yet, in contrast to ongoing counterterrorism efforts, governance reform through the decentralisation process has received little attention from either the Malian government or its international partners.
The Egypt-Sudan Border: A Story of Unfulfilled Promise
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Since Sudan’s independence in 1956, its border relations with Egypt have been characterized more by mutual suspicion than by peaceful exchange. This legacy has been exacerbated over the decades by myriad obstacles and conflicts, particularly over the disputed Halayeb triangle, even if both sides did try to improve relations after Egypt’s uprising in 2011. Border communities, suffering from this reality, have pushed for improved ties, but mistrust has prevailed to the detriment of both countries.
Khat and COVID 19 - Somalia’s cross border economy in the time of coronavirus
Rift Valley Institute
The number of Coronavirus (COVID-19) infections and related deaths is rapidly increasing in Somalia. Measures to contain COVID-19 have imposed restrictions on khat imports (and consumption) that have affected livelihoods including women’s incomes, who make up most of the khat sellers in the country. Yet in spite of official attempts to restrict khat imports, the sector is typically finding ways round these measures by developing land-based entry routes and informal methods of distribution
Report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations - UN
The report was provided to the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 4 May 2020. It focuses on: the armed groups; natural resources and finances situation; violations of human rights and international humanitarian law; Arms; and recommendations.
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
United Nations - UN
The present assessment report includes a tactical review of the UNIFIL military force structure (land, air and maritime component) and the civilian components to ensure that the mission’s staffing structure is aligned with the mission mandate, taking into account the evolving context. Also explored in the assessment are the context of and prospects for advancing the transition of responsibilities from the UNIFIL Maritime Task Force to the Lebanese Armed Forces, with a focus on what is realistic in the near future.
One Year until the Presidential Elections in Iran
Institute for National Security Studies - INSS
Although the presidential elections in Iran are expected only a year from now, the election campaign, which contains the potential for significant changes in Iran’s internal and foreign policies, is already attracting much attention both in Iran and in the West. Both main political camps in Iran, the pragmatist-reformists and the conservative-hardliners, have begun preparing for the presidential elections.
Climate change in Women, Peace and Security National Action Plans
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute - SIPRI
Climate change can increase the risks of violent conflict, create risks to human security, and challenge conflict recovery and peacebuilding in different contexts. In many parts of the world, women and girls are significantly affected by the respective and compounding effects of climate change and conflict. They can also be agents of change in addressing climate change, and peace and security issues.
Tracking SDG 7 - The Energy Progress Report (2020)
The World Bank
The 2020 edition of Tracking SDG 7: The Energy Progress Report monitors and assesses attainments in the global quest for universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy by 2030. The latest available data and select energy scenarios are set forth in this year’s report, which finds that although the world continues to advance toward SDG 7, its efforts fall well short of the scale required to reach the goal by 2030.
China’s distant-water fishing fleet - Scale, impact and governance
Overseas Development Institute - ODI
Much of the distant-water fishing (DWF) takes place in the territorial waters of low-income countries. China’s DWF fleet is the largest in the world, and so is thought to have significant effects on the environment and socioeconomic impacts in developing countries. Although China’s DWF fleet is known to be large, there is little information available about its actual size and the scale of its operations.