17 December 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Peace and Security Council Report No 131
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
What is in store for Africa for 2021? The December 2020/January2021 Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: the performance of the PSC in 2020; Dealing with Africa’s elections and crises in 2021; Revisiting the notion of ‘Silencing the Guns’; DRC’s shady political alliance unravels; and in a Reality check, the AU’s limited ability to respond to crises.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Algeria's Migration Dilemma - Migration and human smuggling in southern Algeria
Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime
Migration from sub-Saharan Africa to southern Algeria is not a new phenomenon. Long-standing communal, cultural and trade bonds connect the peoples of the Sahara; contemporary migration is built on this foundation. This report details current migration and human-smuggling dynamics in the extreme south of Algeria. The study assesses how Algerian authorities manage migration flows and human smuggling along the borders with Niger and Mali.
The praxis of combating Violence against Women in Ethiopia: a political interpretation
Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
In Ethiopia, Violence against Women (VAW) is pervasive, occurring at three levels as identified by the UN: family; community; and the state. Despite policy pronouncements and the implementation of some practical measures, VAW is still prevalent in Ethiopia. This Working Paper offers a political interpretation to explain the gap between policy and practice on VAW in Ethiopia.
Security sector reform in The Gambia - What is at stake?
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Navigating Security sector reforms (SSR) in The Gambia is a complex task due to the multiplicity of SSR support programmes being implemented by a range of actors, from national stakeholders to bilateral partners, international civil society and multilateral organisations. This report explores the reform processes to identify opportunities to ensure effective and efficient implementation.
When emerging democracies breed violence - Sierra Leone 20 Years after the Civil War
Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED)
During the 1990s, Sierra Leone was a synonym for violence, with a major war ravaging the country. It has since seen an increase in public safety and security. Recent assessments have applauded the “little violence since the end of the civil war” and the country’s peculiar post-war stability, asking: where is the war?
Economic Prospects and Policy Challenges for the GCC Countries
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Measures to contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus have led to sharp declines in economic activity across the globe, particularly in 2020Q2. GCC authorities have implemented a range of appropriate measures to mitigate the economic damage, including fiscal packages, relaxation of monetary and macroprudential rules, and the injection of liquidity into the banking system, and there are recent signs of improvement.
The Al-Hash’d al-Shaabi, Paramilitary Groups in Iraq
Brussels International Center (BIC)
Iraq operates under a complex, intertwining system of the formal and informal sectors. These paramilitary groups, formally called the al-Hash’d al-Shaabi, or the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) or Popular Mobilization Units (PMU), played a major role in the battle against the Islamic State (IS) and now are struggling to find their position within the security sector as international actors attempt to impose reform.
Youth, peace and security in Africa - Towards the development of National Action Plans
African Union Office of the Youth Envoy
National action plans for youth, peace and security are essential for African Union (AU) member states to achieve their goal of Silencing the Guns. Their development requires a synergy with key normative frameworks from the AU, particularly, the Continental Framework on Youth, Peace and Security. This policy brief highlights the prerequisites for the successful drafting of national action plans that are in line with the needs of Africa’s youth demographic.
Energy Transitions in Emerging Economies
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Can emerging economies grow while reducing their greenhouse gas emissions, either on an absolute basis or against some business-as-usual baseline? What opportunities exist for policymakers today? How have various places managed to make progress in reducing (or avoiding) emissions while still meeting societal expectations for development? What can we learn from their progress? More broadly: how should we think about the supposed trade-offs between economic development and a cleaner environment and how can we overcome them?
The Roots of the COVID-19 Pandemic
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)
The question of the genomic origin and direct source of the virus that set off the COVID-19 pandemic is being addressed in parallel by both science and intelligence agencies, with each using its own tools to compile hypotheses and draw conclusions. The genomic origin of the index virus (the strain that infected Patient Zero) has been determined to be a Chinese bat virus that underwent extensive pre-adaptation to humans, including continual transmissibility, prior to infecting Patient Zero. The open question is how, where, and when such exceptional genomic pre-adaptation took place.