16 Jun 2022
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
The Climate-Displacement Nexus in Africa: Implications for Sustainable Peace and Development
Cairo International Center for Conflict Resolution, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding (CCCPA)
While Africa has contributed the least to the climate crisis, it is the most exposed to its devastating consequences. Out of the 25 countries deemed most vulnerable to climate change, 14 are conflict-ridden. The compromised capacities of governments and communities to deal with climate threats and the inaction towards climate adaptation and mitigation, and the prevention of climate-related risks have cascaded into a multitude of threats and challenges, including that of forced displacement.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Situation in Mali Report of the Secretary General
United Nations Security Council (UN)
The Resolution 2584 (2021) requests the Secretary General to report to the Council every three months on the implementation of the resolution. The present report covers major developments in Mali since the previous report (S/2022/278) dated 30 March 2022.
The Nile River Dispute: Fostering a Human Security Approach
Istituto Affari Internazionali
The GERD is a major hydropower project built on the Blue Nile and located in Ethiopia's Benishangul-Gumuz region. The dispute involves Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia and has been characterised by claims of natural and historic rights to the Nile waters under the terms of 1929 and 1959 watercourse treaties.
Africa's Role in Deep Seabed Mining
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
When the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted, Africa played an active role in developing the deep seabed mining regime. The continent should now play an equally active role in steering future debates on the subject. African countries must implement a clear action plan to transform the ideas presented in African blue economy instruments into action.
The Gaza Strip and the Climate Crisis
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
Infrastructure and sanitation conditions in the Gaza Strip, one of the world's most densely populated areas, are extremely poor, including shortages of water, energy, electricity, food, and health services. Gaza's humanitarian challenge is likely to only worsen, given the demographic trends in the Strip and its acute vulnerability to climate change.
Report of the Secretary General on United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)
United Nations Security Council (UN)
The present report provides an account of the activities of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) from 21 February to 20 May 2022, pursuant to the mandate set out in Security Council resolution 350 (1974) and extended in subsequent Council resolutions, most recently resolution 2613 (2021).The UNDOF was stablished to: Maintain the ceasefire between Israel and Syria; Supervise the disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces; and Supervise the areas of separation and limitation, as provided in the May 1974 Agreement on Disengagement.
Powering Agri-Food Value Chains with Geothermal Heat A Guidebook for Policy Makers
Global demand for food and water is expected to grow by 50% by mid-century, placing increasing pressure on existing water, energy and food systems. This increase in demand for food presents an opportunity for clean energy technologies such as geothermal energy to support the development of "sustainable food systems".
Gulf Net-Zero Pledges in a Challenging Global Energy Security Environment
The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington (AGSIW)
Fossil fuels will continue to play an important role in the energy mix of many industrialized countries throughout the next several decades, despite the warnings from climate scientists. Carbon neutrality therefore must be an objective that transcends national boundaries, and governments and energy companies need to transparently communicate how they are adapting their climate agendas. Gulf states will have to reconcile their plans for increasing oil and gas production and investments in fossil fuels with their ambitious climate targets.