15 October 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Africa’s Pulse Charting the Road to Recovery
World Bank Group
The COVID-19 pandemic is not over yet: African countries must not let their guard down. The pandemic continues to spread, with the number of cases surpassing 36 million and more than one million deaths globally. With the notable exception of South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa appears to have so far escaped the worst of the health crisis. The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a large toll on economic activity in Sub-Saharan Africa, putting a decade of hard-won economic progress at risk. Economic activity in the region is expected to contract by 3.3 percent in 2020, confirming the prediction that Sub-Saharan Africa would suffer its first recession in a quarter-century in 2020.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Beyond 2020 Exploring the potential for a stronger UN-AU peacebuilding partnership
Institute for Security Studies (ISS) & International Peace Institute (IPI)
Effective and sustainable multilateral peace and security initiatives in Africa depend on a strong partnership between the United Nations and the African Union. While their strategic partnership has grown since 2017, collective peacebuilding efforts still lag behind cooperation in other areas. Different institutional mandates, policy frameworks and operational practices have led them to carve out distinct roles in the multilateral peacebuilding space, often impeding closer cooperation. This report analyses these dynamics and identifies opportunities for a more robust and effective partnership.
Mauritania - Senegal: an emerging New African Gas Province – is it still possible?
Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
Africa’s MSGBC basin covers areas situated in five African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, and Guinea Conakry. Initial ‘world class’ discoveries1 made in this geological basin, more specifically in Mauritania and Senegal, have resulted in an interest in these countries hydrocarbon potential. Until the early 2000s, international oil and gas companies (IOCs) mainly concentrated their African exploration activities in a limited number of countries in Northern Africa, West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea and the Congo basin. Then, more exploration activities took place in these areas and in parts of Southern Africa resulting in significant hydrocarbon discoveries.
Maritime cyber security Getting Africa ready
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Africa’s future development objectives are anchored in well-functioning shipping and ports industries, whose cyber security is vulnerable to breaches and disruptions caused by deliberate and indiscriminate attacks. These industries are facing a number of challenges related to efficiency and effectiveness, and their continual innovation and transformation is critical if they are to serve Africa’s socio-economic needs. While cyber security is slowly becoming recognized as an important dimension of maritime security, its integration into African maritime security instruments and frameworks must be accelerated.
Yemen’s Accelerating Economic Woes During The COVID-19 Pandemic
Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies
Since early 2015, when the onset of war led to the cessation of large- scale oil exports, Yemen has been almost completely dependent on three main external sources to secure foreign currency inflows and stimulate economic activity: foreign humanitarian aid, Saudi financial support to the Yemeni government, and – by far the most significant – remittances from Yemeni expatriates, most working in Saudi Arabia. All three of these foreign currency sources have dramatically declined in 2020.
Lifting the Embargo on Arms Sales to Iran
The institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
The embargo imposed by the UN Security Council on the sale of weapons to Iran will expire on October 18, 2020. At that time, Iran will be permitted to purchase the weapon systems that it sought unsuccessfully to obtain in the past. Iran will likely prefer to buy weapons mainly from Russia, which since the 1990s has been its principal arms supplier.
Bahrain As an Arena for Iran Subversion and Terrorism
Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center
Iran has been a permanent threat to the stability of the Bahraini regime since the country declared independence. Iran's fundamental antagonism is based on a combination of geopolitics, history and the Iranian regime's regional interests: Bahrain is located in the heart of the Persian Gulf, where Iran seeks hegemony.
The Impact of Covid-19 on Climate Change and Disaster Resilience Funding
Prior to Covid-19, concerns were being raised that funding for climate and disaster resilience was insufficient to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and Sendai Framework. Since the pandemic, initial signals are that the funding gap will widen. Opportunities exist to harness co-benefits for pandemic recovery and climate and disaster resilience. To leverage climate and disaster resilience finance, especially during the Covid-19 response, decision-making needs to be more risk-informed and incorporate risks from multiple threats.
Earmarked Funding for Multilateral Development Cooperation Asset and Impediment
German Development Institute
Multilateral cooperation means that states can collectively achieve more than they can through individual and bilateral efforts alone. Multilateral organizations are important instruments for this: they have a greater geographic and thematic reach, operate at a larger scale and stand for multilateral norms and values. Funding provides an important basis for multilateral development cooperation – only with sufficient core funding at their disposal can multilaterals effectively and independently perform the functions member states expect.
The Politics of Internet Security
This report examines two protocols as examples of private sector influence over presently vulnerable systems key to the Internet’s function: the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), used to route Internet traffic, and the Domain Name System (DNS), used to address Internet traffic. These two case studies detail how the protocols work, why they are vulnerable or error prone, and what the private sector can do about it. This report uses empirical data on attacks and current protections.