15 July 2020
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READING OF THE WEEK
Institute for Security Studies
Africa has extraordinary potential for economic growth and development. But its many plans and noble aims rarely translate into reality. This policy brief summarises Jakkie Cilliers’ new book Africa First! which examines the continent’s current development pathway and how it can deliver on its potential. Cilliers presents an ambitious but realistic scenario to 2040 that sees improvements in economic growth, average income and poverty reduction.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
The Climate Change-Security Nexus: Case study of the Lake Chad Basin
Policy Centre for the New South
It has become clear that climate change poses multiple and overlapping security challenges, including in terms of livelihood insecurity, disruption to agriculture and energy infrastructure, can fuel social tensions, conflict, and displacement. But consensus is growing around a more moderate view that climate change is exacerbating already existing vulnerabilities, rather than being, by itself, an inevitable cause of insecurity. The Lake Chad Basin crisis provides an interesting example of this
attempt to make a direct link between climate change and violence.
The Egypt-Sudan Border A Story of Unfulfilled Promise
Carnegie Middle East Center
Since Sudan’s independence in 1956, its border relations with Egypt have been characterized more by mutual suspicion than by peaceful exchange. This legacy has been exacerbated over the decades by myriad obstacles and conflicts, particularly over the disputed Halayeb triangle, even if both sides did try to improve relations after Egypt’s uprising in 2011. Border communities, suffering from this reality, have pushed for improved ties, but mistrust has prevailed to the detriment of both countries.
National dialogues in the Horn of Africa Lessons for Ethiopia’s political transition
Institute for Security Studies
Ethiopia’s highly praised political transition is contending with long-standing state-building deficits, which are fuelling tensions in the country. The deferral of the national election because of the COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated existing political uncertainties. As politicians and civil society grapple with potential political and security crises, calls for a national dialogue have grown. This report examines national dialogues in Sudan, South Sudan and Kenya and draws lessons for Ethiopia.
Towards the Financial Autonomy of the African Union: Status Report - an Update
The AU needs adequate, reliable and predictable resources to implement its programmes so as to achieve its development and integration goals. Successive Summits of the AU have since 2015, taken financial reform decisions, to ensure there is sound and predictable finances to address the historical challenges the African Union has faced. This report provides an update on progress made so far, in line with Executive Council and the Assembly Decisions on “Financing of the Union”.
Iran Defies the International Atomic Energy Agency: The IAEA’s Latest Iran Safeguards Report
Institute for Science and International Security
This analysis summarizes and assesses information in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA’s) periodic safeguards report, NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) Safeguards Agreement with the Islamic Republic of Iran, the most recent of which was issued on June 5, 2020.
Civil Society Observatory of Illicit Economies in Eastern and Southern Africa Risk Bulletin - Issue 8
Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
In this eighth issue of the Risk Bulletin of Illicit Economies in Eastern and Southern Africa (May-June 2020), we reflect on the interdependence between licit and illicit economies, through several stories from across the region.
Transparency in Transition: Climate Change, Energy Transition and the EITI
Transparency has long underpinned efforts to improve the governance of oil, gas and mineral resources, and to avoid the negative impacts of the ‘resource curse’. The transition to a sustainable, decarbonized economy is now reshaping the extractive industries, and in turn the risks and opportunities they present for producer countries.
Should All Africa’s States Join the APRM?
South African Institute of International Affairs
When the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) – Africa’s governance monitoring and promotion instrument – was launched on 9 March 2003, it was voluntary. Given the sensitivity of governance reviews, its voluntary nature was deemed necessary, as reviews ultimately require members to partially cede their sovereignty and open themselves up to scrutiny by their citizens and their peers. Accession was seen as a deliberate demonstration of the particular country’s commitment to open government, transparency, good governance, accountability and policy reform. Currently, 40 of the 55 African states are members of the APRM.