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15 July 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa

United Nations

Across the world, but notably in Africa, instability and conflict continue to generate and exacerbate poverty and institutional fragility, which in turn decrease resilience and the prospects for peace. Conflict has many different causes, drivers and triggers. The present report examines the challenges of conflict prevention and sustaining peace in Africa from a perspective that is often overlooked, namely, the role of weak or failed public service planning and delivery as a source of instability and potential driver or trigger of conflict.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

The Second Berlin Conference on Libya and the Perpetuating Tragedy of Migration Rhetoric

Brussels International Center (BIC)

On 23 June 2021, the Second Berlin Conference on Libya was held; a follow-up from the first Berlin Conference in January 2020. Fifty-eight Conference Conclusions were subsequently published, most of which reaffirmed commitments from those present to support the political process and the ceasefire. However, some Conclusions did point to a topic once commonly associated with the Libyan crisis, and one which is still an ugly consequence of the political discord: that of migration and human trafficking.

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Lake Chad Basin - Youth-led stabilisation amid a pandemic

Institute for Security Studies (ISS Africa)

Youth-led peacebuilding initiatives play an increasingly important role in stabilising Boko Haram-affected communities in the Lake Chad Basin. This report analyses the role and impact of the Youth Network for the Lake Chad Region in peacebuilding efforts, and recommends ways to strengthen these efforts and enhance intra-regional collaboration.

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Conflict, instability and hunger: Breaking the cycle in the Central African Republic

Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG)

How can humanitarian engagement and diplomacy contribute to addressing the root causes of hunger and instability in CAR? In what ways can different actors contribute to addressing access challenges, the targeting of humanitarian actors, the impact of insecurity and armed groups' use of hunger as a weapon of war, to contribute to ending the cycle of conflict, instability and hunger in CAR? What are the opportunities for collective action, and from whom, to end this vicious cycle? The Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at ODI hosted a closed-door online roundtable under the Chatham House Rule on 16 June to discuss these questions.

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Copycat Piracy – The continued threat of terrorism and Piracy in Mozambique

ARX Mouldings

In recent years the insurgency in Mozambique's northernmost province of Cabo Delgado has largely gone under the radar. The conflict in Mozambique has been ramping up as government forces and foreign assistance have consistently underestimated the scale of the threat, leading to responses that are too little, too late. The chaos of the insurgency combined with the underdevelopment of Cabo Delgado and the increasing insecurity of the population cannot be ignored when looking at the maritime security of the Mozambique Channel.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Internal displacement's impacts on health in Yemen

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC)

Conflict and violence in Yemen triggered 89,000 new displacements in the first half of the year, and disasters 66,000. Internal displacement not only affects people's security, livelihoods and housing conditions, but also their health. This paper discusses the risks, the effect of climate change in reducing IDPs' access to healthcare and triggering further displacement, and the impact of reduced humanitarian assistance on responses.

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Report of the Secretary-General on conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report provides an update on the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic. It presents the major developments, including Civilian Protection, Humanitarian Response and Access, and the Safety and Security of humanitarian personnel and premises.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Stranded Assets: The Nexus Between Extractives, Climate, and the Circular Economy Within the African Extractives Sectors

South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

As the world moves towards a low-carbon energy transition, the potential risk of stranded assets within the extractives sectors in Africa is increasingly a reality for many fossil fuel dependent countries. While the global transition to a low-carbon economy appears inevitable and is clearly desirable, it remains critical to identify and address the risks associated with premature deindustrialisation in developing countries, especially considering their current dependence and reliance on fossil fuels.

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Countering human smuggling: No silver bullet for safer mobility

Mixed Migration Centre

The "fight against smuggling" is a key priority for the EU and its member states in their efforts towards achieving more orderly migration. Countering human smuggling is often portrayed as the silver bullet to end movements through irregular pathways and presented as the key remedy for addressing human rights abuses along migratory routes. Evidence, research, and operational insights from the past years' implementation of the EU approach to human smuggling, however, point to a more complex reality.

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Status of Women's Rights in Refugee and Internal Displacement Settings in Africa – The context of AGA and APSA

African Union (AU)

Women and girls are often sidelined from formal conflict resolution and mediation platforms or formal peace processes while they are the ones to carry the brunt of conflict and forced displacement. As part of this study, gender mainstreaming guidelines were developed to support and promote the integration of not only gender considerations within AGA and APSA but also to help both architectures become more reflective of the importance of the participation of displaced women and girls in decision-making, policy development, planning, programming, implementation and monitoring.

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