14 Nov 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Lessons for Partnership Peacekeeping from the African Union Mission in Somalia
International Peace Institute - IPI
Deployed to Mogadishu in March 2007, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) operates through a complicated and extensive system of partnerships. It is a crucial example of what the UN secretary-general has called “partnership peacekeeping”—peacekeeping supported by several international organizations, individual states, private firms, and local authorities.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Reprendre en main la ruée vers l’or au Sahel central
International Crisis Group
Au Mali, au Burkina Faso et au Niger, des pays du Sahel central, des groupes armés s’emparent depuis 2016 de sites d’orpaillage dans des zones où l’Etat est faible ou absent. Face au risque d’appropriation violente des ressources aurifères par des acteurs armés non étatiques, les forces de sécurité des pays sahéliens sont en nombre insuffisant et hésitent à se déployer dans des zones rurales où leur présence est contestée.
Le retour des jeunes algériens dans l’espace public
Euro-Mediterranean Study Commission - EuroMeSCo
L’élection présidentielle en Algérie devrait avoir lieu le 12 décembre, mais une partie de l’opposition refuse de se rendre aux urnes, car les conditions d’apaisement préalables à la tenue d’élections libres et transparentes ne semblent pas être réunies. Malgré les protestations massives, qui ont lieu toutes les semaines en dépit d’un climat de « répression croissante », le pouvoir – et en particulier l’armée – semblerait décidé à maintenir la date de l’élection, coûte que coûte.
Déjà Vu - Preventing Another Collapse in South Sudan
International Crisis Group
President Salva Kiir is threatening to leave opposition leader and former vice president Riek Machar, who is demanding a delay to the new government, out of a new cabinet. Even if the two leaders agree to share power, disputes over security arrangements and state boundaries would poison the new administration, potentially leading to its collapse. Either scenario risks reigniting a war that has killed several hundred thousands of people and displaced one third of the population.
The interplay between climate change and violent extremism in the Western Sahel
Planetary Security Initiative
Climate change is well known for its ability to act as a threat multiplier and in specific cases has also been found to provide a fertile breeding ground for violent extremism. The Western Sahel is especially vulnerable, as climate change has a catalyst effect on the already present complex palette of interlinked security threats, including violent extremism.
Access to basic needs in Yemen
Assessment Capacities Project - ACAPS
Yemen has been in a state of protracted conflict since 2015. 24.1 million people, 80% of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance. Taking into account a range of variables that affect Yemeni’s access to basic needs and services, the six scenarios consider developments that could have humanitarian consequences and impact on access to basic needs within Yemen throughout 2020.
Iranian Stakes in Syria
Institute for National Security Studies - INSS
Against the backdrop of its military involvement in Syria, Iran has taken a series of steps since 2014 to reinforce its standing in Syria and Lebanon and enhance its military preparedness there, as well as that of its proxies – first and foremost Hezbollah. These steps are of two types.
Measuring Digital Developments - Facts and Figures, 2019
International Telecommunication Union - ITU
Facts and figures 2019 offers a snapshot of the most important ICT indicators, including estimates for the current year. Latest figures show that while Internet use continues to spread, the digital gender gap is also growing. More effective action is urgently needed to address a range of barriers – cultural, financial and skills-related – that are impeding Internet uptake, especially among women.
False Moves: Migration and Development Aid
European Council on Foreign Relations - ECFR
European policymakers have developed a strong interest in tackling the root causes of migration through development aid cooperation. Yet there is no evidence to support their premise that tackling poverty abroad will reduce the incentive to migrate. The root causes approach has helped maintain relatively high levels of European development aid.