14 August 2019
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READING OF THE WEEK
Transforming the Institutional Landscape in Sub-Saharan Africa: Considerations for Leveraging Africa’s Research Capacity to Achieve Socioeconomic Development.
Center for Global Development
In order to achieve sustainable development outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), African institutions must be the leading experts on and primary providers of research solutions to local problems. We present for consideration three possible innovative models that can facilitate the emergence of strong Africa-based, Africa-led institutions: a multi-stakeholder funding platform, an integrator organization model, and a scale model.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Artisanal or Industrial Conflict Minerals? Evidence from Eastern Congo
Institute of Development Studies (University of Sussex)
Existing research suggests a strong link between mining and local conflict but makes no distinction between artisanal and industrial mining. We exploit variation in mineral prices and the granting of industrial mining concessions to investigate how the mode of extraction affects conflict in Eastern Congo.
Tunisia is Economically Adrift
Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)
Tunisians are poorer today than they were before the Jasmin Revolution toppled the Ben Ali regime in January 2011, 20% of the population is poor. The promises made by leading politicians, in the run up to next autumn’s polls that, come 2020, a real start will be made on serious economic reforms fall on deaf ears.
Beyond Borders and Leaders Toward Sustainable Peace for Ethiopia and Eritrea
Aljazeera Center for Studies
With In Ethiopia’s domestic politics, Eritrea historically has been used as tool in internal power struggles and political manipulation. Now, however, two decades of border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have officially come to an end. Normalization of relations has begun with the restoration of diplomatic ties, opening of borders and resumption of flights between Addis Ababa and Asmara.
Beyond Control: Iran and its Opponents Locked in a Lopsided Confrontation
Few credible Iran watchers argue that opposition groups and figures arrayed against Tehran’s establishment pose a serious threat; Iran treats them as if they are mortal dangers to the regime. This paper attempts to sketch out the landscape of the various major political opposition groups, and begin to grapple with the question of why Iran perceives them as such a challenge.
Hezbollah’s Iranian identity_Ceremony of Hezbollah operatives in southern Lebanon
The MEIR AMIT Intelligence and Terrorism information Center
Since its inception, the Lebanese Hezbollah has been inculcating the ideology of the Iranian Islamic Revolution in the Shiites in Lebanon. Cultivating Khamenei’s personality cult is evidence that Hezbollah regards Iran and its leader the highest source of authority for its strategy, including its military moves against Israel.
Human Mobility in Context Climate Change in Sub Saharan
German Development Institute
This paper provides an overview of what is actually known about the relationship between climate change and human mobility in West, East and Southern Africa – the most affected regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Although there is a general lack of data on “climate migration”, trends can be deduced from the growing number of case studies and research projects.
Addressing China’s Rising. Influence in Africa
The Chicago Council on Global affairs
China is now the largest trading partner for the African continent, and China’s Export-Import Bank aims to invest more than $1 trillion in the continent by 2025. China’s ability to directly finance and construct infrastructure projects with fewer conditions is unique and has raised worries in some quarters about the expropriation of natural resources, environmental hazards, labor displacement, unstable debt burdens, and land grabs.