12 September 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Child poverty in Africa
Overseas Development Institute - ODI
The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) envisage an end to extreme poverty for ‘all people everywhere’. On current trends, 305 million African children – two in every five – will be living in extreme poverty by 2030, accounting for over half of all global poverty. On average, 87 million will be born into poverty each year in the 2020s. Changing this will require urgent and concerted effort.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Nurturing Sudan’s Fledgling Power-sharing Accord
International Crisis Group
On 17 August, four months after the most sustained protest campaign in Sudan’s modern history swept Omar al-Bashir from power, the Forces of Freedom and Change opposition coalition signed a power-sharing accord with the ruling military junta. If honoured in full, it will pave the way for elections at the close of a three-year period of reforms overseen by a civilian-dominated cabinet and legislature.
Rural water supply in Ethiopia
Overseas Development Institute - ODI
Despite millions of pounds spent by charities, taxpayers and water users to increase access to water, many water points still break down prematurely or provide only seasonal access or poor-quality water to the rural poor in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the political economy of rural water supply in Ethiopia, using a literature review and interviews with government staff and water sector stakeholders to unpick systemic obstacles to sustainable access to water.
Midterm report of the Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic
The period covered by the present report coincided with the first months of the implementation of the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic, signed in Bangui on 6 February 2019 between the Government of the Central African Republic and 14 armed groups. Some armed group leaders, however, have remained ambivalent concerning their support. Others have committed serious violations of the Agreement engaging also in hostile action against the MINUSCA.
Yemen’s Fragile Military Balance
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
In less than two weeks, Yemen has witnessed the ejection of President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi’s forces from his provisional capital in Aden, a major southern separatist offensive into government territory, and a strong comeback by government forces. Since large-scale fighting broke out between the STC and Hadi’s forces on August 7, Yemen’s remarkably fluid military situation has raced through several stages.
Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Javaid Rehman, submits his second report to the General Assembly pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 40/18. The present report is based on a range of consultations held with interlocutors and missions undertaken by the Special Rapporteur over the past year to Frankfurt, Brussels, Geneva and The Hague and Vienna.
Digital Economy Report 2019
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - UNCTAD
The Digital Economy Report (DER) (formerly known as the Information Economy Report) this year examines the scope for value creation and capture in the digital economy by developing countries. It gives special attention to opportunities for these countries to take advantage of the data-driven economy as producers and innovators - but also to the constraints they face - notably with regard to digital data and digital platforms.
Responding To Drug Demand In West Africa
Enhancing Africa's ability to Counter Transnational Crime - ENACT
West Africa is expected to remain the largest regional drugs market in Africa, with the number of drug users set to more than double from about 5.7 million in 2018 to 13 million in 2050. This policy brief looks at trends in drug supply and how some of the region’s internal vulnerabilities to drug trafficking and production are likely to evolve. It considers possible future trajectories of drug trafficking and production and recommends suitable responses, with a focus on demand reduction.
The Kremlin’s Campaign in Africa - Assessment Update August 2019
Institute for the Study of War - ISW
The Kremlin’s campaign in Africa is a case study of the methods it uses to pursue its global objectives. Russian President Vladimir Putin is no mere opportunistic predator. His investments in Africa are strategic despite their limited scope and results, and will likely have important long-term consequences. This paper expands on the initial assessment of Russia’s campaign in Africa published in October 2018.