12 November 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Les technologies numériques : nouvel horizon des réseaux électriques centralisés en Afrique subsaharienne ?
Policy Center for the New South
L’enjeu du développement des systèmes électriques centralisés est une priorité pour le développement économique et social de l’Afrique subsaharienne. Alors que la population subsaharienne devrait presque doubler en trente ans selon l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU), pour atteindre 2,1milliards d’habitants en 2050, dont 1,2milliard d’urbains, le continent va devoir fournir des emplois aux jeunes qui arrivent chaque année plus nombreux sur le marché du travail. Ce sont ainsi 20millions d’emplois supplémentaires qui devront être créés tous les ans au cours des vingt prochaines années afin d’absorber les nouveaux arrivants. Face à cela, le développement du secteur industriel devrait permettre de réduire la pauvreté endémique dans la région, tout en canalisant l’accroissement démographiqueet l’urbanisation rapide du continent. Cependant, le développement du secteur industriel est fortement limité par la faiblesse des réseaux électriques centralisés subsahariens.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Eritrean Refugees Struggle after Peace Agreement with Ethiopia
Danish Institue for International Studies (DIIS)
Following the 2018 peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea more than 60,000 Eritrean refugees arrived in Ethiopia. Thousands continue to arrive every month. They live under harsh conditions that call for humanitarian action.
The situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia
United Nations (UN)
The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 29 of Security Council resolution 2500 (2019), in which the Council requested me to report within 11 months on the implementation of the resolution and on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia. The report covers the period from 1 November 2019 to 31 October 2020 and highlights major developments since the previous report (S/2019/867).
Ethiopia’s Low-Carbon Development Pathway
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Since 2000, the country’s economy has expanded by a factor of five, yet the country’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are trivial. Ethiopia intends to grow without any increase in its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 2010 and 2030. While there are few countries that rely so little on fossil fuels as Ethiopia, it faces common challenges to low-carbon development, including rapid urbanization and an economic imperative to industrialize. This report assesses the extent to which these challenges could co-exist with a decarbonization agenda by examining policy success stories and identifying the political economy forces driving change.
The Gulf States and Israel after the Abraham Accords
Arab Reform Initiative
Following Israel’s signing of the Abraham Accords with the UAE and Bahrain, many questions arise as to the impact that the Accords will have on the different GCC countries. This paper seeks to outline the historical context surrounding the accords and provide an analysis of the way the different GCC countries have so far approached this new “normalization” of relations with Israel.
Addressing the Political Causes of Water Shortage in the Zayandeh Rud River, Iran
German Development Institute
Water problems in Iran are intensifying and have mostly been left unaddressed. The Zayandeh Rud River, as one of the main rivers in Iran, suffers from severe physical water scarcity. For decades, water demand has intensified, leading to increased rivalry between regions and economic sectors. Water transfers to the basin have been implemented as the main response without addressing the societal reasons for water scarcity. Currently, considerable tensions and conflicts over water – amplified by climate change and variability – are evident.
Protest and State Society Relations in the Middle East and North Africa
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
A decade ago, a series of popular pro-democracy uprisings swept through the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), known as the Arab Spring. The events were seen by many as ushering in a wave of change in which the people of each country would force a transformation in the relationship between society and the state and in the underlying social contract. A decade later, with the fragile exception of Tunisia, both state–society relations and the conditions that sparked the popular uprisings remain much the same, if not worse.
The Future of Jobs Report 2020
World Economic Forum
The COVID-19 pandemic-induced lockdowns and related global recession of 2020 have created a highly uncertain outlook for the labour market and accelerated the arrival of the future of work. The Future of Jobs Report 2020 aims to shed light on: 1) the pandemic-related disruptions thus far in 2020, contextualized within a longer history of economic cycles, and 2) the expected outlook for technology adoption jobs and skills in the next five years.
The Internet of Bodies Opportunities Risks and Governance
Internet-connected "smart" devices are increasingly available in the marketplace, promising consumers and businesses improved convenience and efficiency. Within this broader Internet of Things (IoT) lies a growing industry of devices that monitor the human body and transmit the data collected via the internet. This development, which some have called the Internet of Bodies (IoB), includes an expanding array of devices that combine software, hardware, and communication capabilities to track personal health data, provide vital medical treatment, or enhance bodily comfort, function, health, or well-being. However, these devices also complicate a field already fraught with legal, regulatory, and ethical risks. The authors of this report examine this emerging collection of human body–centric and internet-connected technologies; explore benefits, security and privacy risks, and ethical implications; survey the nascent regulatory landscape for these devices and the data they collect; and make recommendations to balance IoB risks and rewards.