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12 May 2022

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

The Russia-Ukraine War and Food Security in Morocco

Policy Center for the New South

Following on the heels of the COVID-19 pandemic and severe drought in North Africa, the Russian invasion of Ukraine large exporters of food and, in the case of Russia, energy may inflict increased hunger on the food insecure in Morocco despite mitigating measures by the government.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

The Tragedy of the Unregulated: Why the Government should Reform the Charcoal Sector

South Institute

Charcoal is increasingly becoming a primary energy choice, accounting for 96% of cooking fuel for the growing urban population of South Sudan (NBS, 2012; Tiitmamer & Anai, 2018). Yet not much is known about the level of government regulation to make the woodfuel, especially the charcoal sector, sustainable.

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Activities undertaken by UNCTAD in support of Africa Report by the Secretary-General of UNCTAD

UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

This report covers the activities undertaken by UNCTAD in support of Africa from May 2021 to April 2022. It describes the impact that the work of UNCTAD has had on development in Africa in the following areas: transforming economies; tackling vulnerabilities and building resilience; improving competitiveness; enhancing multilateralism; and empowering people and investing in their future.

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Sub Saharan Africa Economic Activity  GDP Machine Learning Nowcasting COVID 19

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

The COVID-19 crisis has had a tremendous economic impact for all countries. Yet, assessing the full impact of the crisis has been frequently hampered by the delayed publication of official GDP statistics in several emerging market and developing economies. This paper outlines a machine-learning framework that helps track economic activity in real time for these economies. As illustrative examples, the framework is applied to selected sub-Saharan African economies. The framework is able to provide timely information on economic activity more swiftly than official statistics.

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MIDDLE-EAST

What is next for Jordan's Syrian refugees

Brussels International Center (BIC)

Jordan has been a safe haven for refugees since the start of the war in 2011. Anywhere between 670,000 (officially registered with the UN Refugee Agency) and 1.3 million Syrians (according to the Jordanian authorities) are said to have found shelter in the country. The United Nations envisions three options for refugees: their safe and voluntary return to Syria, their resettlement to another State that has agreed to admit them and ultimately grant them permanent residence, or their integration in their host country, Jordan.

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Report Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559 (2004)

United Nations Security Council (UN)

The present report is the thirty-fifth semi-annual report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of Security Council resolution 1559 (2004). It provides a review and an assessment of the implementation of the resolution since the issuance of the previous report on the subject (S/2021/873) on 14 October 2021, and covers developments until 4 April 2022. Since the adoption of resolution 1559 (2004) by the Security Council on 2 September 2004, limited progress has been made in its implementation. A number of provisions, including with respect to the existence and activities of Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias, remain pending.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Global Health and International Cooperation Addressing Current and Future Pandemics

Istituto Affari Internazionali

The aim of this briefing report is three-fold. First, it aims to assess the state of progress in the fight against Covid-19 one year after the G20 Global Health summit. Second, it analyses the impact of Covid-19 on malaria, tuberculosis and HIV, showing the importance of investing in global and multilateral mechanisms to assist low and middle income countries. Finally, it draws some policy recommendations for the Italian Government also in view of the replenishment of the Global Fund against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria in 2022.

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Towards more inclusive effective and impartial humanitarian action

ODI

Failing to include people who are marginalised and discriminated against is not a failure of inclusion but a failure of humanitarian action. Humanitarian actors' commitment to impartiality requires a focus on prioritising the most urgent cases and non-discrimination. Evidence shows that humanitarian responses often fail to effectively assist and protect those most urgent cases.Inclusion is at the core of impartiality because individuals that have been marginalised over time are at a higher risk and more vulnerable to crises.

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Energy Networks in the Energy Transition Era

Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

As infrastructures that connect the energy source with the energy use, energy networks constitute a crucial element of national and global energy systems. They also play a key role in helping with balancing supply and demand, thus ensuring that energy is not only available in the right places but also at the right time. Energy transition will have significant impacts, though not necessarily in the same way, on existing energy networks, for example, electricity and natural gas grids, and might lead to the growth of new energy carrier systems, such as district heating and cooling and the deployment of new infrastructures to support the use of hydrogen. 

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