11 June 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Peace & Security Council Report
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
The May’s Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: The African Union can do better for the Sahel; The dangers of states of emergency to combat COVID-19 in Africa; COVID-19 should help in rethinking peace support in Africa; Can the AU help Africa’s private sector survive COVID-19? And an interview on “The PSC is adapting its working methods in difficult times”.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
The Double Burden of COVID-19 and Locust in East Africa
International Rescue Committee
Without intervention, desert locust swarms in the Horn and East Africa may cause mass crop failure, exacerbating an already serious food security situation and plunging 4.9 million people into crisis level food insecurityCoinciding with COVID, an upsurge of Desert Locust is taking place in the Horn of Africa, Arabian Peninsula and Southwest Asia, with risk of spreading to the Sahel region if it is not stopped by July. The Desert Locust is the world’s most dangerous migratory pests.
Going the Extra Mile for the 2020 Elections in the Central African Republic
Royal Institute for International Relations
The upcoming 2020 presidential election in the Central African Republic (CAR) has the potential to derail the implementation of the 2019 Khartoum Peace Agreement and bring about a return to widespread conflict. This calls for immediate and collaborative action to be taken by those national, regional, and international actors working for peace in the country. This policy brief aims to outline some of the key risks posed by the upcoming elections and provide recommendations to mitigate their potential to negatively impact on ongoing peace and reconciliation efforts.
Decentralization and inclusive governance in fragile settings Lessons for the Sahel
Netherlands Institute of International Relations - Clingendael
Countries in the Sahel are currently involved in decades-long decentralisation reforms. Decentralisation promises more inclusive governance and reduced fragility. International donors have channelled massive resources into decentralisation programming efforts as to strengthen local governments as entry points for service delivery. But while unitary centralised systems of governance have failed to deliver, decentralisation is no panacea either. Bringing governance ‘closer to the people’ brings national challenges at local level: poor institutional capacity, elite capture and political conflict. How can decentralisation programming efforts in the Sahel play a role in inclusive governance and conflict resolution?
Chinese firms and employment dynamics in Angola and Ethiopia
SOAS University of London Global
This brief sets in context and summarises findings from the DFID-ESRC Growth Research Programme (DEGRP) project ‘Industrial Development, Construction and Employment in Africa’ (IDCEA). The project examined the employment and labour market effects of Chinese and non-Chinese firms investing in manufacturing and building infrastructure with a focus on Angola and Ethiopia.
The Economic Crisis in the Gulf States: A Challenge to the "Contract" between Rulers and Ruled
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
The current economic crisis in the Gulf states stems from the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic on both the local and global economies, including the sharp drop in oil prices. This article examines how these states are contending with the crisis.
Counting the Cost Avoiding Another War between Israel and Hezbollah
While Lebanon and Israel, like the rest of the world, grapple with the COVID-19 pandemic, neither Israel nor Lebanon’s Iran-backed Hezbollah has allowed the deadly contagion to distract them from their long-running enmity.Israel persists in its campaign of air strikes against Iran- and Hezbollah-linked targets in Syria, while Hezbollah continues to assist Iran in establishing a military foothold in the war-battered country.
Peacekeeping Missions in the Time of Coronavirus: New Configurations and New Challenges
Policy Center for the New South
In discussing the potential role of peacekeeping missions in the context of the threat of the Coronavirus pandemic, two main issues arise. The first is of a legal nature, and the second is linked to the management of expenditures and budgets.Legally, the duties of peacekeeping missions are defined by the United Nations Security Council resolutions that mandate the creation of a mission.Financially, UN member states have become less willing to finance peacekeeping operations (PKO) or to deliver pledged financial contributions to stakeholders on time,putting missions at risk.
How Coranavirus Policy and Environmental Policy Intersect
The Begin Sadat Center for Strategic Studies
There are several intersections between policy responses to the coronavirus pandemic and environmental issues. The decision to maintain social distancing measures, for example, has implications for the environment that need to be considered. The clash of economic and environmental interests, which was already an issue before the outbreak, will undoubtedly heat up further as the world emerges from the worst of the crisis.
Where Are Geopolitics Headed in the COVID-19 Era?
This issue brief, the second in the Atlantic Council’s series “Shaping the Post-COVID-19 World Together,” will consider the current state of the pandemic and how it has strained the global rules-based order over the past few months. First,it will consider the origins of the novel coronavirus and how it spread around the world. Next, it will examine how COVID-19 has exacerbated or created pressure points in the global order.