11 February 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Pivoting To African Conflict Prevention? An analysis of continental and regional early warning systems
European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
The African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) was an opportunity for African states to display strong political will to develop conflict prevention and resolution mechanisms, by establishing the Continental Early Warning System (CEWS) as one of the APSA’s five components. Yet the Early Warning and Early Action (EWEA) gap, at both continental (CEWS) and regional (ECOWARN) levels, remains substantial and affects the full operationalisation of the prevention agenda. Why have political decision-makers not implemented those preventive tools adequately? How can closer relationships between regional and continental EWS in Africa bridge the EWEA gap?
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
“Designed in Ethiopia” and “Made In China” - Sino-Ethiopian technology collaboration in South-South relations
Clingendael – the Netherlands Institute of International Relations
This policy brief provides an examination of China’s rise in relation to its African partners. It takes into account geopolitical concerns, but homes in on China’s Belt and Road Initiative, its means of expanding into Africa. It examines the role of the Digital Silk Road in the use of Chinese artificial intelligence and technology transfers on surveillance and the risks of repression. It examines Ethiopia, particularly its burgeoning tech hub known as the ‘Sheba Valley’, in order to understand China’s role in development in African countries.
Tunisian Democracy 10 Years after the Revolution: A Tale of Two Experiences
German Development Institute (DIE)
At the 10-year anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution, which toppled decades of dictatorship and repositioned discussions about democracy across the Middle East and North Africa, the democratic transition in Tunisia is in flux, or rather at an impasse. On the one hand, Tunisia is celebrated as the lone democratic success story of the 2011 Arab Uprisings; On the other hand, serious domestic political agitation over the last decade has nearly derailed its course towards democratic consolidation and stability.
Promoting peaceful and safe seasonal migration in Northern Central African Republic
Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
Ouham and Ouham-Pendé are central to seasonal livestock transhumance and a key part of the CAR government’s National Plan for Recovery and the Consolidation of Peace 2017-2021. This research provides an evidence-base for peacebuilding activities that are likely to be effective, and maps the main points of contention and opportunities for improvement based on consultations with all manner of stakeholders.
Islamic State-affiliate Ansar al-Sunna (ASWJ): What We Know
In 2020, ASWJ demonstrated significant escalations in tactical capabilities, operational tempo, and strategic targeting, including increased violence against civilians, a closer affiliation with the Islamic State’s Central Africa Province, expanded control over transportation corridors, and exploitation of the sea for operational purposes. Importantly, despite its affiliation with the Islamic State, ASWJ finds its roots in localized grievances in northern Mozambique.
Artificial Intelligence and National Security in Israel
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
For Israel, AI is a field of crucial importance, given that Israel is now one of the leading countries in its development and given that this technology has the potential to help cope with many challenges. Therefore, it is imperative that Israel’s decision makers should be familiar with the field, study its opportunities and challenges, and thus be able to formulate a suitable policy and ensure that it is implemented at a pace that keeps up with regional and international events, while also taking into account the growing competition in the international arena.
Now It’s the Turn of the Palestinian Voter
Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies
The last time presidential elections were held in the Palestinian Authority (PA) was in 2005, when Mahmoud Abbas was elected. A year later, elections were held for the Palestinian Legislative Council, with Hamas winning by a large majority. Elections for both institutions were supposed to recur in 2010, but they were deferred again and again by Fatah until Abbas issued his recent presidential decree.
Silencing the guns can reduce forced displacement
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Armed conflict is the major driver of forced displacement in Africa and the problem is becoming more severe. How can the African Union’s Silencing the Guns initiative help deal with the forced displacement crisis on the continent? This policy brief argues that the focus should be on two interventions: strengthening early warning and promoting preventive diplomacy; and addressing structural root causes.
Women, Peace, and Security Mandates for UN Peacekeeping Operations: Assessing Influence and Impact
International Peace Institute (IPI)
This paper explores the different elements of the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda that are included in peacekeeping mandates, assesses the factors that influence the inclusion of language on WPS, examines the drivers behind the implementation of the WPS agenda in the field, and assesses the impact that mandate language has on uniformed women peacekeepers.
EU–Africa Partnership on Migration and Mobility in Light of COVID-19: Perspectives from North Africa
Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI)
While migration remains one of the key elements of the partnership agenda between Africa and the European Union, the aggravating socioeconomic situation in the African continent due to the impact of COVID-19 and its implications for migration dynamics requires going beyond business-as-usual approaches. The renewed scenario calls for a more comprehensive and development-oriented approach to migration, requiring new policy initiatives addressing the wider set of conditions that, beyond constituting developmental challenges in their own right, also drive migration in North Africa as well as in Sub-Saharan African countries.