10 September 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
The African Continental Free Trade Area - A tralac guide - 7th ed.
Trade Law Centre (tralac)
Agenda 2063 is Africa's framework for structural transformation. It builds on and aims to facilitate the implementation of existing continental initiatives (AIDA, PIDA, BIAT and CAADP). The establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) and the free movement of people are Agenda 2063 flagship projects. The AfCFTA is the continent’s most ambitious integration initiative.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
En 2019, les élections présidentielles en Afrique de l’Ouest n’ont pas conduit à des crises majeures, ou presque
Policy Center for the New South
L’élection présidentielle en Afrique est souvent une période marquée par les tensions et la violence et peut conduire à des crises politiques et sécuritaires. Au Nigeria, au Sénégal et en Guinée-Bissau, les présidents sortants se sont lancés à la conquête d’un nouveau mandat et ont connu des fortunes diverses. L’auteur s’est intéressé au contexte politique dans lequel se tenaient ces scrutins présidentiels, les forces en présence et les éléments d’analyse.
Gulf of Guinea Piracy - The Old, the New and the Dark Shades
Centre for Maritime Law and Security Africa (CEMLAWS Africa)
Gulf of Guinea (GoG) piracy remains a great concern to the global community as incidents and attacks have continued to soar over the last decade. Although the scale of acts of piracy and maritime criminality generally vary from time to time, the nature of piratical acts in the region continues to pose a significant threat to the shipping industry, global trade safety and security of crew, and ultimately undermines the security and development of the region.
Listening to young people associated with armed groups in northwestern Central African Republic
Conciliation Resources and Femme Homme Action Plus (FHAP) carried out a Listening Exercise with young people associated with armed groups in Paoua (Ouham-Pendé prefecture). The aim of the Listening Exercise was to understand young peoples’ reasons for joining armed groups, their life in the armed groups, as well as pathways for demobilisation and challenges they face when returning to their communities.
Local procurement regulations for extractive industries in the SADC region
South African Institute of international Affairs (SAIIA)
In both the mining and petroleum sectors in Africa, regulations requiring companies to procure goods and services locally have proliferated over the past decade. In order to inform policymakers and other stakeholders, this policy insight gives an overview of the different types of legislation and regulations in place across SADC.
The Covid-19 Pandemic and Democratic Resilience in Israel
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
When democratic resilience is preserved, a new outbreak of Covid-19, or a different state of emergency, can be dealt with in a manner that maintains not only public safety and health, but also the image and core values of Israeli society and the State of Israel. This article explores the need to strengthen democratic institutions and values in the decision-making process in Israel, in light of lessons learned from the State’s efforts thus far to contend with the Covid-19 pandemic.
Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
This report contains information collected up to 24 June 2020, including from the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, non-governmental and media organizations and individual interviews with victims of human rights violations, their families and lawyers. The report also draws on the relevant observations of the human rights treaty bodies, the Human Rights Council universal periodic review mechanism and its special procedure mandate holders.
Peace & Security Council Report - August 2020
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Why is SADC slow to intervene in political crises? The August’s Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: Mali’s military takeover puts popular protests in the spotlight; Côte d’Ivoire and the ‘third-term’ virus; The AU’s role beyond the GERD negotiations, and a PSC Interview: Maintaining multilateralism in a world hit by COVID-19.
Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2020
Office of The US Secretary of Defense
2020 marks an important year for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) as it works to achieve important modernization milestones ahead of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) broader goal to transform China into a “moderately prosperous society” by the CCP’s centenary in 2021. As the United States continues to respond to the growing strategic challenges posed by the PRC, 2020 offers a unique opportunity to assess both the continuity and changes that have taken place in the PRC’s strategy and armed forces over the past two decades.
Electricity Networks in a Net-Zero-Carbon Economy
Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
The growth of electricity usage along with changes in the operating environment of networks due to decentralization and digitalization mean that these companies need to transform to support decarbonization. To achieve decarbonization targets, it is widely accepted that the level of low-carbon heating/cooling and transport needs to increase substantially over the coming years; much of this technology is expected to use electricity.