10 October 2019
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READING OF THE WEEK
Opportunities for Women Entrepreneurs in the Context of the African Continental Free Trade Area
African Union; COMESA; UN Women
This study aimed to identify opportunities for women entrepreneurs with regard to the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), focusing on three areas of interest: women in informal cross-border trade (WICBT), gender and value chain analysis, and affirmative action/preferential public procurement.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Long Term Trends across Security and Development in the Sahel
This paper offers a broad overview of the current situation in the Sahel paying attention to the intersecting and overlapping issues of security and development.
Tunisia’s Upcoming Challenge: Fixing the Economy Before It's Too Late
Arab Reform Initiative
During its first years of transition to a democratic order, Tunisia's efforts were predominantly focused on addressing political challenges. However, the gains on the political front came at the expense of economic setbacks. One of the main challenges for the coming period will thus be largely economic. High unemployment, unfulfilled demands for social justice, the rise in corruption, and most importantly in the short term, an unsustainable macroeconomic trajectory, all threaten to upset recent political gains. If the upcoming administration does not address them, social discontent would endanger the hard-won democratic gains.
Strengthening the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union on issues of peace and security in Africa.
Secretary-General submits an annual report which provides an update on the implementation of the Joint United Nations-African Union Framework for Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security, the current status of the partnership and efforts to enhance the partnership between the two organizations.
Averting the Middle East’s 1914 Moment
International Crisis Group
More than a century after World War I, the Middle East is experiencing its own 1914 moment. Then, the assassin’s bullet that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria put the entire European continent on fire. Today, a single attack by rocket, drone or limpet mine could set off a military escalation between the U.S. and Iran and their respective regional allies and proxies that could prove impossible to contain.
Kuwait: A Changing System Under Stress
Washington Institute for Near East Policy
The ninety-year-old Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah is expected to be succeeded by his eighty-two-year-old half-brother Crown Prince Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Sabah. But the key question is who will be the next-in-line heir apparent. This study looks at the most likely contenders and the implications for one of the smallest but richest Gulf states.
Background document prepared by the Biological Weapons Convention Implementation Support Unit
Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction is held in New York, 18–22 November 2019. The Convention is one of the key components of the international community’s effort to address the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This is the Background Document, prepared by the Biological Weapons Convention Implementation Support Unit for this Conference.
Building an EU–Africa Partnership of Equals
Center for Global Development
The arrival of a new leadership team in Brussels provides an opportunity for Europe to reinvigorate its role as a global development power and to build a true partnership with its continental neighbor, Africa. These tasks have never been more urgent. A confluence of well-doc¬umented global trends, including accelerating climate change, declining multilateralism, and the erosion of democratic norms, is only increasing the challenge.
Oil and Gas Industry Engagement on Climate Change
Institute for Security Studies - ISS
More and more Oil Companies are devising strategies to deal with Climate Change. This Report attempts to explore how Oil and Gas Companies are taking action to address Climate Change, how these actions fit with the overall needs of the energy transition, and whether there is more Companies can do to contribute to the solution set of this problem.