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11 JUNE 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Sustainable and resilient recovery from the coronavirus disease pandemic that promotes the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development

United Nations Security Council

The international community must work to gain the momentum necessary to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 during the decade of action and delivery for sustainable development. It is particularly important at this point in time that countries use the COVID-19 recovery process as an opportunity for building back better by creating a strong foundation for sustainable development and enhanced resilience against future shocks.


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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Situation in Mali: Report of the Secretary General

United Nations Security Council

By its resolution 2531 (2020), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2021 and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Council every three months on the implementation of the resolution. The present report covers major developments in Mali since the previous report (S/2021/299) dated 26 March 2021.

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Sudan Struggles to Control Its Parastatals

The Sentry

As members of the Friends of Sudan donor group, international financial institutions, and corporations weighing investments in Sudan meet in Paris this week at the invitation of the French government to discuss debt relief, investment opportunities, and economic support to strengthen Sudan's civilian-led democratic transition, the latest economic reform made by the transitional government risks receiving little attention. On April 5, with very little fanfare, the Ministry of Finance published a "preliminary list" of the public companies and corporations owned by various state institutions.

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Monetary Meld. future of West Africa Currency Union

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

The leaders of the 15 ECOWAS member countries aimed to achieve a monetary and currency union by the end of 2020 but abandoned that timetable because the group was not ready. They were far from the macroeconomic convergence - especially similar levels of inflation and sufficiently low public-debt-to-GDP ratios — necessary for such a union to function well.

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Youth Submission to the APRM in South Africa 2020/2021

South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

The APRM is Africa's premier governance self-assessment and promotion tool.Established in 2003, it aims to improve governance on the continent by fostering the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, economic growth, sustainable development, and accelerated sub-regional and continental economic integration, through the reinforcement of best practices.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Making women count, not just counting women

Danish Institute for International Studies

A priority for NATO Mission Iraq is to further the Women, Peace and Security agenda as one of the mission's activities. This effort should focus on raising awareness of the operational benefits of equal opportunities and diversity and not just counting the number of women involved.

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Possible Sucession Scenarios in Iran

Besacenter

A presidential election will take place in Iran on June 18,and it is rumored that Ali Khamenei prefers one candidate above the others: Chief Justice Ebrahim Raisi. While Raisi has never belonged to the IRGC, his election would nevertheless represent a victory for the hardliners. Despite his lack of religious credentials, Raisi is also considered a serious contender to succeed Khamenei as Supreme Leader.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Business & Peace Report 2021

Institute for Economics & Peace

This report analyses the relationship between the economic performance of a country and its levels of peace. The major finding is that peace acts as a reliable predictor of a country's future performance for a number of macro-economic indicators. These insights can be used to better assess the investment potential of countries. This research can help the design of financial investment products that are likely to yield higher returns, produce more comprehensive country assessments for companies who are deciding where to invest and determine better future ESG outcomes.

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Changing Tides. The evolving illicit drug trade in the western Indian Ocean

Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime (GIATOC)

The islands of the western Indian Ocean have been drastically impacted by illicit drug markets. Positioned between Africa and Asia, these island states have been affected by shifts in drug production and trafficking on both continents, while forming a distinct and unique inter-island drug trafficking ecosystem. Significant changes are under way in this ecosystem, with increasing volume and diversity of illegal drugs being trafficked to and between the islands.

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Protecting the Environment during Armed Conflict

Finnish Institute of International Affairs

Conflict-related damage to the environment has become widespread and causes sustained harm to public health, ecosystems, and peacebuilding.The International Law Commission (ILC) will finalize its work on new principles for the protection of the environment in relation to armed conflict (the PERAC principles) in 2022.The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) published an updated iteration of its Guidelines on the Protection of the Natural Environment in Armed Conflict in 2020.

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