1 July 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa 2024
African Union - AU
The African Union Agenda 2063 calls for the diversification of sources of growth and sustenance of Africa’s current economic performance, and in the long-run, lifting large sections of our population out of poverty. The STISA-2024 is the first of the ten-year incremental phasing strategies to respond to the demand for science, technology and innovation to impact across critical sectors such as agriculture, energy, environment, health, infrastructure development, mining, security and water among others.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Climate Related Security Risks and the African Union
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Africa is responsible for a mere 4 per cent of global carbon dioxide emissions, yet is disproportionately vulnerable to the impacts of a changing climate. In addition, over half of the states in sub-Saharan Africa are among those most affected by the double burden of climate exposure and political fragility. This Policy Brief outlines key strengths of the AU’s response, such as a rapidly evolving discourse around climate security and efforts to improve collaboration and coordination among different parts of the institution.
Debt Vulnerabilities in São Tomé and Príncipe
African Development Bank Group (AfDB)
The São Tomé and Príncipe’s government has implemented several reforms to tackle the country’s debt situation, including the creation of a debt management unit; approval of the legal framework on public debt management, approval of a public finance management system (SAFE), among others. However, its debt situation has undermined the country’s development aspirations.
Education et pouvoir dans le conflit anglophone au Cameroun
Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI)
Alors qu’une partie de la planète est confrontée à la pandémie, de COVID-19 et au problème de la fermeture des écoles, les élèves camerounais anglophones connaissent cette situation depuis quatre ans. L’éducation s’est trouvée au cœur du conflit qui oppose les anglophones au gouvernement depuis 2017. Une refonte du système éducatif dans le cadre d’une solution négociée est indispensable mais les efforts de médiation n’ont pas encore mis ce sujet sur l’agenda de la paix.
A Triangle of vulnerability - Changing patterns of illicit trafficking off the Swahili coast
Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime
A triangle of vulnerability for illicit trafficking is emerging as a key geographic space along Africa’s eastern seaboard – the Swahili coast. At one apex of this triangle is Zanzibar, a major hub for illicit trade for decades; Further south, another apex is northern Mozambique, a key through route for the illicit trafficking of heroin into the continent and wildlife products from the interior; and the final apex of the triangle is out to sea: the Comoros islands, not yet a major trafficking hub, but perennial political instability and its connections into the wider sub-regional trafficking economy make it uniquely vulnerable as illicit trade.
State Institutions and Regime Networks as Service Providers in Syria
Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) & European University Institute (EUI)
The physical and economic destruction caused by the conflict has significantly affected state institutions and its capacity to deliver services, compared to the years prior to 2011. Currently, the Syrian government lacks the ability to improve the socio-economic situation for large sectors of the population and to provide adequate social services.
Iran’s Uranium Enrichment Program: approaching Breakout
Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA Center)
Iran continues to insist that its nuclear program is designed for peaceful purposes despite all evidence of its military nature. This evidence includes the IAEA’s recent findings regarding Tehran’s progress in the field of uranium enrichment. Given Iran’s current uranium holdings and enrichment capabilities, it can theoretically break out from its NPT commitment and develop its first nuclear bomb within four months.
Peace & Security Council Report - June 2020
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
The June’s Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: Regional Economic Communities (RECs) role in the coordination against COVID-19; AU assistance to Somalia elections; the crucial months ahead for the AU Commission to implement reforms; Silencing the guns in Africa’s borderlands; and Young people ‘silencing the guns’ online campaign.
With or Against the State? Reconciling the Protection of Civilians and Host-State Support in UN Peacekeeping
International Peace Institute (IPI)
Contemporary UN peace operations are expected to implement ambitious protection of civilians (POC) mandates while helping host states prevent conflict and build peace. Reconciling these people-oriented POC mandates with the state-centric logic of UN-mandated interventions ranks among the greatest challenges facing peace operations today.
A warning system for hybrid threats - is it possible?
European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats
A warning system is a crucial ingredient in countering hybrid threats. Informing the decision-makers of affected countries as well as the population at large enables them to take appropriate measures. However, hybrid threats are wicked problems. They are ambiguous and fuzzy and lack proven knowledge and fixed standards to adequately address them. This makes devising a warning system for such threats intrinsically difficult and challenging.