1 August 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Le "retour" de la Russie en Afrique subsaharienne: sécurité et défense au service de la politique étrangère de Vladimir Poutine
Institut Royal Supérieur de Défense
Étant donné son abondance de ressources énergétiques et naturelles, le continent africain suscite les convoitises depuis de nombreuses années. Parmi les intéressés, nous retrouvons la Russie qui est, entre autres, l’un des partenaires de longue date de l’Afrique. La présente étude prend pour objet le « retour » de Moscou dans la région. Contrairement aux autres États de la scène internationale, l’argument énergétique ne semble pas guider la stratégie poutinienne en Afrique subsaharienne.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Algeria: Determining Vectors of its Relationship with the European Union
Security & Cooperation Research Unit (UNISCI)
Since the last third of the twentieth century and up to the present, the relations of the European Union with Algeria have evolved parallel to the international system and following a natural dynamic center-periphery. In this way, in addition to the economic component, issues arising from the globalization process such as immigration, terrorism and, especially, energy security have become the determining vectors of Euro-Algerian relations.
UNSG Report on Activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel
United Nations Security Council
The present report covers the period from 1 January to 30 June 2019 and provides an overview of developments and trends in West Africa and the Sahel. It also outlines the activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and progress made in the implementation of the United Nations integrated strategy for the Sahel. In addition, it provides an update on the situation in the Lake Chad basin.
Prioritizing and Sequencing Peacekeeping Mandates in 2019, The Case of UNAMID
International Peace Institute
The UN Security Council renewed the mandate of the United Nations–African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) in June 2019. A workshop, organized by the International Peace Institute (IPI), the Stimson Center, and Security Council Report, to discuss UNAMID’s mandate and political strategy, provided a forum for member states, UN stakeholders, and outside experts to share their assessments of the situation in Darfur.
Perceptions on Women's Economic Opportunities in Urban Areas of Iraq: Motivations and Mechanisms to overcome barriers
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
This study identifies normative, consequential and practical barriers Iraqi women in urban areas face when seeking entrance to economic opportunities and the mechanisms these women use to overcome such obstacles. Data was collected through focus group discussions (FGD) held in four major urban areas: Mosul, Kirkuk, Baghdad and Basra (12 FGDs in total, three in each urban area).
Ambitions for greening solid waste management Perspectives from Urban(ising) Africa
South African Institute of International Affairs
African cities are vexed by the triple challenge of rapid population growth, urban expansion and poor waste management. The result is pollution and waste that severely impact quality of life, ambitions for urban sustainability and green growth. A number of pioneering examples of these principles in action in African cities show that innovation and entrepreneurialism are important ingredients in mainstreaming such approaches in economic growth and resource management.
Balancing Petroleum Policy: Toward Value, Sustainability, and Security
World Bank Group
Petroleum policies tend to vary significantly from country to country, as do the objectives that such policies aim to achieve in the country’s context. This publication provides the basic sector-related knowledge they need to embark on this task. Special focus is given to the contexts of developing countries, countries in a federal or devolved setting, and countries that have experienced or are still experiencing civil conflict.
Nuclear Cybersecurity: Risks and Remedies
The Fissile Materials Working Group (FMWG), in partnership with the Stimson Center, hosted a 1.5-day off-the record (Chatham House Rule) Nuclear-Cybersecurity Workshop, which took place at the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation. The main goal of the highly interactive workshop was to identify the critical gaps in nuclear cybersecurity internationally and to develop preliminary recommendations on how NGOs can most effectively help reduce those gaps.
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
After decades of steady decline, the trend in world hunger – as measured by the prevalence of undernourishment – reverted in 2015, remaining virtually unchanged in the past three years at a level slightly below 11 percent. Meanwhile, the number of people who suffer from hunger has slowly increased. As a result, more than 820 million people in the world were still hungry in 2018, underscoring the immense challenge of achieving the Zero Hunger target by 2030.