09 Jun 2022
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Resolution 2634 (2022), Security Council Calls on Gulf of Guinea Countries to Criminalize Piracy, Armed Robbery at Sea.
United Nations (UN)
The Security Council unanimously adopted a text calling upon Member States in the Gulf of Guinea region to criminalize piracy and armed robbery at sea under their domestic laws, and to investigate, prosecute or extradite, in accordance with applicable international law, perpetrators of such crimes, as well as those who incite, finance or intentionally facilitate them. By resolution 2634 (2022), the 15-nation organ also urged Member States in the region of the Gulf of Guinea to take prompt action, at national and regional levels, with the support of the international community, when requested by the State concerned.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Increasing Access to Quality Education for Rural and Marginalised Children in West Africa.
International Development Research Centre (IDRC-CRDI)
This report is a Comparative Study of Accelerated Education and Girls' Focused Programs in Ghana, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. The findings from this study shows that factors that drive the Out Of School situation are multifaceted. The available datasets used in our analysis shows that the demand and supply barriers are major inhibitors to accessing education, especially for girls.
Concurrent Crises in the Horn of Africa
Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
The greater Horn of Africa, stretching from southern Ethiopia to northern Kenya and Somalia, is experiencing its worst drought in four decades. A fourth consecutive failed rainy season caused by the La Niña weather phenomenon has generated extreme drought conditions that have curtailed agricultural production, destroyed crops, and killed more than 3 million livestock, threatening the livelihoods and lives of millions of farmers and pastoralists. Across the region, more than 20 million people currently face starvation, and nearly 6 million children under the age of five are acutely malnourished.
Blue Metal Blues Cobalt, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and China.
South African Institute of International Affars (SAIIA)
As global demand for electric vehicles increases, so does competition for the rare metals used in the batteries that power them. Cobalt is the most important of these metals, and the race to secure cobalt sources is driving international interest in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Central African country has, by far, the world's largest cobalt reserves. Over the past two decades, China has come to play a central role in the country's cobalt sector. This policy insight maps the extent of China's involvement and shows how Chinese companies have established themselves at all levels of the global cobalt supply chain.
Social Protection Reforms in the MENA Region: Possibilities and Challenges.
The COVID-19 crisis that hit the world in 2020 revealed a huge gap in access to public services, equality and government responsiveness to the consequences of the pandemic. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the COVID-19 crisis showed the inadequacy of the public institutions and their abilities to protect the poor, and ensure that populations' needs are met, especially informal workers, women, children and the elderly. The social protection systems in the MENA countries are relatively weak, facing challenges or disfunctions through many ad-hoc programmes, making it difficult to respond to the COVID-19 crisis.
The War in Yemen
Center for International Policy
Yemen, already the poorest country in the Middle East, has since 2014 been ravaged by a brutal civil war that has collapsed its economy and created the world's worst humanitarian crisis. Fought between a U.S.-backed, Saudi-led coalition and the Houthis, a one-time rebel group that now serves as de facto government in a sizable part of the country, coalition blockades and a grinding military stalemate have created a conflict widely perceived as one of the most deadly and intractable in the world. However, both sides have mostly abided by a recent UN-brokered two-month truce that was extended for another two months on June 2.
Environment of Peace: Security in a new era of risk
Stockolm International Peaca Research Institute (SIPRI)
Behind the headlines of war in Europe and the aftershocks of the Covid-19 pandemic, our world is being drawn into a black hole of deepening twin crises in security and the environment. Indicators of insecurity are rising, while indicators of environmental integrity are sinking. The mix is toxic, profound and damaging; and institutions with the power to find solutions, including governments, are waking up far too slowly.
In terms of security, there is an increase in the incidence of conflict and the numbers of dead and displaced people—a trend in existence long before the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Assessing EU plans to import hydrogen from North Africa
Africa energy Portal (AEP) (Corporate Europe Observatory)
This report examines three North African countries that in recent years are increasingly focused on hydrogen, based in significant part on the interest of the EU and its corporations. Morocco, Algeria and Egypt are all planning to manufacture green hydrogen and hydrogen-based products, and ship them to the EU via boats and pipelines, to help meet this projected demand. But how feasible are such a plan, how much would they cost, and would they be the best use of renewables in those countries?