08 October 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Transforming Power to Put Women at the Heart of Peace building
Evidence shows that women’s participation in peace processes leads to a higher chance of reaching an agreement, and that the resultant peace will last on average 15 years longer than if women are excluded.
For years, women’s rights and feminist organizations across the world have campaigned for recognition of women’s contributions to preventing conflict, building peace and delivering relief and recovery. Twenty years ago, UNSC Resolution 1325 (2000) 14 called on member states and other key actors to do just that. Since UNSCR 1325 (2000), the UN Security Council has passed nine additional resolutions, developing and expanding the focus, creating what is now known as the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Situation in Mali Report of the Secretary-General
United Nations (UN)
The situation in Mali deteriorated significantly amid widespread protests following the legislative elections of 29 March and 19 April 2020 and culminated in a coup d’état on 18 August and the detention of the former President, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, the former Prime Minister, Boubou Cisse, and other civilian and military officials. The President subsequently resigned and announced the dissolution of the government and the National Assembly.
Economic and governance repercussions of migration policies in Niger’s north
Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael)
Mobility has played an important role in Niger’s north throughout its history. Local populations, in response to droughts or shifting border regimes in Libya and Algeria, have traditionally been able to make changes to their livelihood strategies and have shown a remarkable capacity for adaptation, often through migration as a way of diversifying livelihoods. However, since the early 2000s, and particularly since 2016, this system has come under pressure as increasing collaboration with Western countries, whose agendas are aimed at curbing irregular migration from Africa to Europe, has reduced the options available for income generation.
Addressing the Southern Issue to Strengthen Yemen’s Peace Process
Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies
A year after his appointment as the UN’s special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths opened a branch for his office in the interim capital, Aden, where he met a wide spectrum of southern actors. But, until now, he has not significantly invested his office politically in what is known as the southern issue, instead focusing on efforts to reach a round of comprehensive political negotiations between the internationally recognized government of Yemen and the armed Houthi movement to consolidate a cease-fire throughout the country.
Economic Integration in the Middle East: Problems and Prospects
Valdai Discussion Group
In this paper, we will review the integration potentialities of states in the Middle East. The inclusion of three major non-Arab regional players (Iran, Turkey, and Israel), as some scholars are trying to do, complicates the picture to such an extent that any discourse becomes purely theoretical and divorced from reality. That said, in terms of economy, these countries’ potential could certainly make the regional integration group more stable and important.
Infrastructure for Peace building
UNOPS & Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
This paper makes a case for increased knowledge and awareness of the role of infrastructure in FCAS. It advocates a shift away from the traditional view of infrastructure as individual, isolated physical assets towards a holistic understanding of infrastructure as complex systems that interact with different aspects of fragility. To illustrate this crucial point, the paper assesses how infrastructure systems interact with the five dimensions of fragility as defined by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Given that infrastructure systems and the services they provide play different roles as fragile contexts change, this paper identifies the potential role of infrastructure across different stages of the conflict life cycle, highlighting the different contexts in which infrastructure can support or hinder peacebuilding efforts.
L’ONU a 75 ans : Renaissance ou décadence?
Policy Center for the New South
Le 24 octobre prochain, le monde célébrera le 75e anniversaire de la création de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU). Cette célébration intervient dans un contexte dominé par l’impact socio-économique de la pandémie Covid-19 et marqué par un recul inquiétant du multilatéralisme et par une fragilisation rampante de ses Institutions les plus représentatives. A la suite de la désintégration de l’ex-Union soviétique et le rapprochement entre les Etats-Unis et la Fédération de Russie, l’action de l’ONU a enregistré un essor sans précédent en termes de gestion des conflits, avec le déploiement de plusieurs Opérations de maintien de la paix dans différentes régions du monde.
Trying to Forecast Post-COVID Society
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)
In times of major uncertainty it is important for the strategist to define key issues that could be relevant in shaping the future. By following their developments and gradually adding additional subjects, one can get a clearer picture of where society is headed. The longer the COVID-19 pandemic lasts, the more likely it is that there will be major areas in which the post-virus reality differs significantly from the pre-virus reality.