08 July 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Joint Report Concerning Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant Al Qaida and the Taliban
On 28 March 2019, the Security Council adopted resolution 2462 (2019), which consolidates the Council’s previous resolutions on the counter-financing of terrorism; underscores the central role of the United Nations, in particular the Council, in the fight against terrorism; and calls for new measures directed at preventing and suppressing terrorism financing. The adoption of the resolution reflects the Council’s continued determination to deprive terrorists of funds, other financial assets and economic resources, as well as to deny them access to the financial system and to other economic sectors that are vulnerable to terrorism financing.
Based on responses from 112 Member States, the report provides an overview of measures, good practices and challenges encountered by Member States in their implementation of international counter-financing of terrorism standards.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Climate Impacts on African Hydropower
International Energy Agency
Currently, hydropower accounts for 17% of the electricity generation in Africa on average. In some countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia, the share of hydropower in electricity generation exceeds 80%. This share may potentially increase to more than 23% by 2040, as part of the ongoing effort towards clean energy transition and universal energy access in Africa.
Insurgency in Cabo Delgado Escalation in 2020
A violent insurgency in Cabo Delgado province since 2017 has affected more than 600,000 people anddisplaced more than 200,000 across the province.In 2020, insurgent attacks have escalated in scope and scale by targetingdistrict capitals. Previously, attacks were limited to smaller villages.
Petroleum Code Reform in Senegal: Economic Implications and Policy Lessons
African Development Bank
In recent years Senegal has undertaken intensive petroleum explorations that have revealed the existence of commercially exploitable oil and gas resources. The start of oil production and the exploitation of new gas deposits are expected by 2021-2023. In order to make the most of revenue from oil and gas development, the country ought to have optimal tax and non-tax levies applied to petroleum exploitation.
Report of the Secretary General on MONUSCO
The present report, submitted pursuant to paragraph 51 of Security Council resolution 2502 (2019), covers major developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 17 March 2020 to 16 June 2020. It covers progress made in the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) since my report of 18 March 2020 (S/2020/214).
Foreign Involvement in Strategic Infrastructures Requires Clear Guidelines
The Institute for National Security Studies
IDE Technologies, which specializes in water treatment solutions, won the bid for construction and operation of the Soreq 2 desalination plant. According to a May 24, 2020 Finance Ministry statement, the Israeli company was chosen over Hong Kong-based Hutchison on the basis of pricing considerations. The media, however, cast the decision as accession to a demand by the United States relayed during the recent visit to Israel by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who warned against Chinese involvement in infrastructures.
Uniformed Women in Peace Operations: Challenging Assumptions and Transforming Approaches
International Peace Institute
Over the past twenty years, UN peace operations have made progress toward gender equality. Most mandates refer to women or gender, and the UN has set numerical targets to increase the percentage of women peacekeepers in all aspects of peace operations. Meeting—and exceeding—these targets, however, is just one aspect of meaningful integration for uniformed women. That integration requires a better understanding of the barriers and often-unrealistic expectations facing uniformed women.
COVID-19 and Tourism
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant disruptions in the global economy. By the end of the first quarter of 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had brought international travel to an abrupt halt and significantly impacted the tourism industry. For many developed and developing countries, the tourism sector is a major source of employment, government revenue and foreign exchange earnings. Without this vital lifeline, many countries may experience a dramatic contraction in GDP and a rise in unemployment.
Activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel
The present report covers the period from 1 January to 22 June 2020 and provides an overview of developments and trends in West Africa and the Sahel. It also captures the activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and highlights progress made in the implementation of the United Nations integrated strategy for the Sahel. In addition, it provides an update on the situation in the Lake Chad basin, pursuant to Security Council resolution 2349 (2017).