08 April 2021
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READING OF THE WEEK
The Geopolitics of Critical Minerals Supply Chains
Center for Strategic & International Studies
Confronted with the rising threat of climate change, many governments around the world have launched efforts to electrify their energy system while decarbonizing their electric power supply. This trend has led to an increased demand for non-carbon-emitting sources of electricity and energy storage technologies, and in turn has grown the demand for these technologies’ component minerals and materials. According to a World Bank study, the demand for component minerals for electric storage batteries—such as aluminum, cobalt, lithium, manganese, and nickel—could rise by more than 450 percent by 2050 if clean energy technology is deployed at a level consistent with the Paris Climate Agreement goal of keeping the rise in atmospheric temperature to no more than 2 degrees Celsius.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Balancing Power and Consensus:Opportunities and Challenges for Increased African Integration
Istituto Affari Internazionali
This paper discusses the challenges and opportunities facing the African Union (AU) in promoting regional integration in Africa. It looks at whether recent developments towards greater integration are likely to be structural, and how this process might affect African agency towards external actors.It argues that, while there is increased traction for integration and cooperation among African countries, and while the AU is increasing its stature on the global stage, institutional forms and reforms are only part of the story.
Managing the journey out of violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
In the highly volatile Lake Chad Basin region, dealing with ex-Boko Haram combatants and associates presents complex strategic and policy challenges for local, national and regional stakeholders. Understanding why and how individuals journey out of extremism is necessary to shape approaches to rehabilitation, reintegration and reconciliation. These insights also provide a path from countering violent extremism to peacebuilding and long-term stability.
Impediments to good Governance in Somalia
Somalia has been dismally underperforming in key benchmarks of good governance namely, rule of law, government effectiveness, political stability, public participation, accountability, transparency and control of corruption. At the political level, elite collaboration invariably collapses and the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the Federal Member States (FMSs) increasingly squabble.1 The incomplete nature of the provisional constitution exacerbates political instability.
Local Content in Practice: Improving the Participation of South Sudanese in the Petroleum Industry
The SUDD Institute
This paper analyzes human resources data from two of the joint operating companies and determines how the South Sudanese compare to the expatriates. Second, the paper reviews the local content clauses to determine possible gaps in an effort to inform amendments stipulated in the Revitalized Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (RARCSS).
The Life Phases of a Yemeni Woman
This study examines the diversity of experiences of women and girls in Yemen who face differing gender dynamics and challenges at various stages in their lives. It explores age-specific issues during differnt phases of life for girls and women. The document looks at underlying gender dynamics and cultural, social, political and economic challenges at each phase, as well as noting salient changes in the context of the war and the massive humanitarian crisis in Yemen.
Insecurity in Southern Syria: Tracking Daraa, Quneitra and Suwayda (January – February 2021)
This report monitors the most important security incidents and their causes in the three governorates of southern Syria; Daraa, Quneitra and As Suwayda in first two months of 2021.
What's Cooking : Digital Transformation of the Agrifood System
World Bank Group
The digital agriculture revolution holds a promise to build an agriculture and food system that is efficient, environmentally sustainable, and equitable, one that can help deliver the Sustainable Development Goals. Unlike past technological revolutions in agriculture, which began on farms, the current revolution is being sparked at multiple points along the agrifood value chain.
Challenges and Opportunities in the Innovation Ecosystem
African Center for Economic Transformation
Innovation is widely acknowledged as a vital ingredient to economic transformation. It drives increases in productivity through product generation and business process improvement, contributing to economic growth. Outside of a few fast growing economies and innovative startups, however, a majority of African countries are in need of agile and responsive frameworks that allow innovators to rapidly develop, test and deploy homegrown solutions. The global pandemic brought an additional layer of unprecedented challenges to the innovation ecosystem, though it also presented opportunities. Additionally, it highlighted the need for African governments to digitize, establish governance structures that support innovation, build local capacity in manufacturing, and increase innovation investments.
Renewable Energy In Africa is about more than Climate Change
Danish Institute for International Studies
Development assistance for new renewable energy in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly being used to mobilise additional private capital. Recipient countries do not always share the priorities of donors. Realism and long-term support are key.