06 Feb 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Rapport annuel sur l’économie de l’Afrique (2019)
Policy center for the New South
L’Afrique est une région économique à grand potentiel, malgré les risques qui jalonnent son processus de développement. En effet, de nombreux experts s’accordent à dire que l’Afrique est en train de devenir la nouvelle frontière de la croissance mondiale. Boosté par une riche dotation en ressources naturelles, une population jeune et dynamique, une forte urbanisation, des conditions macro-économiques mieux stabilisées, des politiques économiques plus rigoureuses, un climat des affaires en constante amélioration ainsi qu’une gouvernance en progrès, le continent africain est sur le trend d’une transformation structurelle, encore lente mais réelle.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
G20 Compact with Africa: The Case of Ghana
South African Institute of the International Affairs (SAIIA)
Ghana’s participation in the G20 Compact with Africa (CwA) indicates its strong appetite for reforms, seeing as its reform commitments were already reform actions under its International Monetary Fund (IMF) Extended Credit Facility Programme. However, these reform areas are seen as necessary but not sufficient to attract foreign direct investment (FDI). It is believed that reform areas such as public sector corruption; contract sanctity; certainty of the business environment; access to land and credit; and improvement to physical infrastructure would attract more FDI.
Synergy in North Africa. Furthering Cooperation
North African integration is not a new idea. However, countries in the region have so far struggled to form a cohesive bloc with deep political, economic and social ties. Political instability has effectively deprioritized North African integration. A focus on thematic (political, economic and security) ‘synergies’ may provide a better framework for cooperation than seeking opportunities for all-encompassing ‘deep’ and ‘comprehensive’ integration.
East Africa Country Profiles
The Africa Report
Kenya and Tanzania had been competing to build Chinese-backed railways to serve their neighbours. With the first leg of the Kenyan one struggling to break even, financiers in Beijing want to see better studies before committing more money to railway projects.
Islamic Finance and GCC Economic Integration
Economic Research Forum (ERF)
The GCC has a mixed conventional and Islamic financial system in which overall development prospects and potential cross-country integration can be affected by intrinsic differences in the structure and operations of conventional versus Islamic finance. This paper explores characteristics of Islamic finance that might tend to partially isolate it from the general financial system with consequences for overall financial integration prospects and financial stability, potentially resulting in partial bifurcation of the financial system.
The New Arab Uprisings: How the 2019 trajectory differs from the 2011 legacy? (Part 1)
Al Jazeera Center for Studies
The 2019 turbulent politics and showdown between protestors and political regimes in Sudan, Algeria, Lebanon and Iraq have triggered several comparative analyses with the popular uprisings of 2011. One school of thought has argued for a ‘second wave’ of the so-called Arab Spring. However, such an interpretation sounds rather simplistic in light of the differences between 2011 and 2019. The ceiling of popular demands has gone higher by insisting not only on the removal of the political figures at the realm of power, but also on contesting the rules of the game. From Algiers to Beirut, the slogan is one and the same, in reference to the political class: “All of them, means all of them.”
Understanding Iran's: Power and Exploiting its Vulnerabilities
Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
Following the U.S. killing of Qasem Soleimani, head of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force (IRGC-QF), the United States and Iran are involved in an escalating conflict. What is badly needed now is a coherent long-term U.S. strategy to deal with Iran in ways that protect U.S. national security and leverage U.S. partners. The United States’ “maximum pressure” campaign has not led to a change in Iran’s behavior—at least not yet—though U.S. sanctions have severely damaged Iran’s economy.
The Role of Oil and Gas Companies in the energy Transition
Atlantic Council Global energy Center
As the third decade of 21st century begins, the oil and gas industry faces opposition from a public greatly concerned with the environmental impact of fossil fuels, ever-more skeptical shareholders, and challenges from policy makers seeking to simultaneously meet decarbonization goals and expected oil and gas demand. Amidst a global energy transition, the demand, financial, and social future of oil and gas companies is increasingly in question.
Emerging Technology Development and Impact in Emerging and Developing Markets
Emerging technologies constitute a “grey zone” that occurs between research and development (R&D) and engineering for commercial or mass scale production. The pace of innovation is more rapid than technology knowledge transfer and comprehension by the policy and regulatory community. Just as emerging technologies constitute a “grey zone” between R&D and mass scale or mainstream offerings, the emerging market represents a “grey zone” between a developed market and an undeveloped market in either general economic terms or industry specific terms. Digital emerging technologies deviate from traditional supply chains, involve new business models, create unexpected or unpredictable outcomes, and can bring challenges to governance.