05 AUGUST 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Water management 2040. Future scenarios
We need water to survive. But there are significant challenges to our world's water supply. How can we rise to the occasion and make sure that no one goes without? To understand what the future of water management might hold, an influential panel of experts discuss different challenges, opportunities and possible paths ahead. This report is the outcome of those discussions, painting four very different scenarios for the year 2040.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Sub-Saharan Africa's Agriculture and COVID-19: How the Pandemic Will (re)Shape Food Markets
South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
The COVID-19 pandemic has put the global food system under sustained pressure and has triggered various policy responses to manage both supply and demand. While the policy responses of key global food producers have been publicised and their implications well documented, there has been a dearth of information on sub-Saharan Africa. Yet food insecurity is relatively high in the region, and there is considerable reliance on the world market for food.
NCEA Advice on Sustainable programme development in Somalia
Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment (NCEA)
In considering the development cooperation with Somalia, the question of climate impact is highly relevant, in fact it is a theme that is 'not to miss'. It is safe to say that Somalia faces the brunt of climate impact and the country is highly climate fragile. Droughts – as in 2011 and 2016/7 - have become more frequent and more long-lasting. In high rainfall years flooding has been uncontrolled and has become more problematic. In the last ten years unusual weather events have translated into humanitarian crises multiple times, due to the lack of preparedness and the lack of buffering capacity in the natural resource system.
Supporting Small and Medium Enterprises in Sub-Saharan Africa through Blended Finance.
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
African Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) face two significant financing challenges: accessibility and affordability. Accessibility refers to the ability of SMEs to access finance. SMEs in Africa are frequently informal—meaning they are not formally registered as businesses—and this makes it difficult for them to access financing. Moreover, even those that are formally registered still frequently suffer from a lack of accessibility. This is a significant issue because without sufficient working capital, firms are unable to invest and grow.
The Many Roles of Migrant Smugglers and Movement Facilitators in West & North Africa
Mixed Migration Centre (MMC)
The study found that more than two-thirds of refugees and migrants surveyed in Libya and half of those surveyed in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger between 2017 and 2019 used a smuggler. This snapshot sheds more light on the prevalence and roles of smugglers along mixed migration routes in Libya, Niger, and Mali.
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Yemeni Women.
Center for Strategic Studies (SANA'A)
This policy brief explores the impact of COVID-19 on women in Yemen, surveying access to healthcare and how social norms create unequal access to treatment; the perceived rise in gender-based violence related to lost livelihoods and home confinement; and the economic impact of containment measures, like curfews and lockdowns, on Yemeni women.
The Egyptian-Jordanian-Iraqi triangle: Reviving an Arab axis in changed circumstances
Al Jazeera Center for Studies
The Egyptian, Iraqi, and Jordanian leaderships continue to seek enhanced cooperation among them, as if reviving the Arab alliance that they had formed in the past, in order to overcome unfavourable changes in the regional environment.
Solidarity in response to the COVID-19 pandemic
In February 2020, as the scale and severity of the COVID-19 outbreak was fast becoming evident, the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, emphasized that the only way to defeat the outbreak was for all countries to work together in a spirit of solidarity. Dr Tedros's message on the need for solidarity was clear and consistent: 'We cannot defeat this outbreak without political, technical and financial solidarity,' This paper examines how the world has responded to the call for solidarity.
New Technologies and Nuclear Disarmament.
Stockolm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
This report sheds light on the impact of recent military-technological advancements on nuclear deterrence and disarmament. Noting that progress towards multilateral disarmament is hardly possible without prior and significant reductions in the largest nuclear weapon arsenals, the report views the resumption of bilateral arms control between Russia and the United States as the most important step towards disarmament at the present moment. It argues that these two countries should move away from their cold war era nuclear doctrines, which seek an ability to win nuclear wars, towards a policy of 'minimal nuclear deterrence', that is focused on deterring a nuclear attack.
United Nations Special Political Missions and Protection: A Principled Approach for Research and Policymaking
International Peace Institute (IPI)
UN special political missions (SPMs) regularly operate in conflict and post-conflict settings in which local civilian populations face the ongoing threat of violence from armed actors—a trend that is likely to continue if an apparent increased preference for SPMs over peacekeeping operations persists. Despite this trend, understandings of the roles of SPMs in protection have remained vague and ambiguous, leaving a conceptual and operational gap that urgently needs to be filled.