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3 June 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Peace and Security Council Report No 135

Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

Does Africa need its own humanitarian agency? What's AU stance on coups d'état? Beside those two, the May 2021 Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: The Somali political crisis calls into question its transitional plan; The Marking the 1 000th PSC meeting; and the PSC interview with EU ambassador on 'The EU's engagement is built on finding African solutions'.


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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

How the Somali PM Could Seize the Fleeting Momentum

Heritage Institute

On 1 May 2021, the Lower House of Somalia's Federal Parliament rescinded its 12 April resolution to extend its own mandate and that of President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo by two years. This move brought the country back from the brink of civil war following a few days of armed conflict in Mogadishu. This commentary aims to shed light on how the PM can seize the fleeting momentum that prevails in the country following an intense period of political and security crises. For starters, the PM should make every effort to ensure that there is no delay to the 20 May dialogue.

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Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in the Sudan

United Nations Security Council

The present report covers the situation in the Sudan related to political, security, humanitarian and socioeconomic developments and to the protection of civilians, human rights and the rule of law, as well as climate security and development cooperation, during the period from 16 February 2021 to 1 May 2021. It provides an update on the establishment of the Mission, and outlines benchmarks and associated indicators designed to measure progress in the delivery of the nine strategic priorities across the four pillars of the UNITAMS mandate, as per resolution 2524 (2020).

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Democratic Republic of Congo - Mount Nyiragongo eruption

Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)

Mount Nyiragongo erupted on 22 May 2021 near the city of Goma, in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). At least 25,000 people were displaced in Sake, 25 km northwest of Goma, and 7,000 travelled towards neighbouring Rwanda to seek refuge. 31 people died, and 24 were injured by the lava flows; 40 adults and 170 children are missing. The volcano's crater appears to have refilled, which is likely to cause new fissures opening or another volcano eruption.

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Using Financial Pressures to Combat Kleptocracy in Africa

The Sentry

East and Central Africa—the deadliest war zone in the world over the past few decades—is a prime example of how mass corruption fuels conflict and how US and multilateral tools of financial pressure could save lives. Disrupting these illicit financial flows can affect the cost-benefit calculations of kleptocrats interested in fomenting instability, undermining the rule of law, and capturing state institutions for their personal enrichment. Creating accountability for financial crimes can also weaken entrenched corrupt patronage networks and provide much-needed leverage for renewed diplomatic efforts.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Israel and Jordan: Water-Energy Interdependence

Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)

While advances in innovative technologies, including hydrogen and carbon capture as well as renewable energy and solar energy storage, are certainly needed for Israel to meet its projected national targets, becoming a net zero carbon economy by 2050 may require cooperation with its neighbors in key areas such as water and solar energy. A renewable water nexus between Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, and Israel could significantly advance climate goals and yield mutual economic and political benefits for all the actors involved.

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Trapped in a vicious cycle - Factors of instability in the Nineveh Plains

The Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael)

The Nineveh Plains have long been characterised by ethnoreligious diversity that has triggered waves of marginalisation and sectarian violence far more often than peaceful co-existence over the past decades. Although it was short-lived, the impact of Islamic State has been profound as it further ruptured the Plains' social fabric and dysfunctional governance. Indeed, as the threat of IS has gone and violence abated, old vulnerabilities persist while new ones have arisen. This report analyses four major factors of instability that characterise the Nineveh Plains today from a perspective of crisis and conflict.

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TRANSNATIONAL

A Roadmap for Advocacy, Policy Development, and Programming: Protection in Mixed Movements along the Central and Western Mediterranean Routes 2021

Mixed Migration Centre

This paper aims to be a roadmap for strategic engagement with different asylum and migration stakeholders at local, national and international levels. It offers concrete ways forward for a number of issue-areas key to the protection of people on the move: the important role of local authorities and community-based approaches to protection, the need for a stronger focus on children and youth on the move, and more sustainable approaches to combatting trafficking in persons, to name a few.

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Peace and Security 2025

Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)

On the one hand, 2025 is just around the corner while, on the other hand, it seems far, far away. This publication paints a picture of possible futures in five areas by presenting scenarios that depict potential developments in the period up to 2025. The discussion will include suggestions on what can be done to prevent these scenarios from becoming a reality. Also, it makes specific suggestions on how we can effectively respond to the peace and security environment out to 2025 by using appropriate leadership, crisis management and strategic foresight approaches.

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The Role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions

International Energy Agency (IEA)

Minerals are essential components in many of today's rapidly growing clean energy technologies from wind turbines and electricity networks to electric vehicles. Demand for these minerals will grow quickly as clean energy transitions gather pace. This new World Energy Outlook Special Report provides the most comprehensive analysis to date of the complex links between these minerals and the prospects for a secure, rapid transformation of the energy sector.

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