02 Jan 2020
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READING OF THE WEEK
Channeling Financial Flows for Urban Water and Sanitation
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Providing clean water and sanitation will be one of the greatest global challenges over the next decade due to population growth and urbanization. Today, 785 million people lack access to clean drinking water, and over 2 billion lack access to a toilet. Additional sources of finance are needed in order to reduce the investment gap for water and sanitation programs. Through development agencies like USAID and OPIC, the United States can leverage additional private capital and increase the efficiency of existing water and sanitation programs. Reducing conflicts over water and ensuring stability in developing countries benefits U.S. development, security, and economic interests abroad.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Interconnected supply chains: a comprehensive look at due diligence challenges and opportunities sourcing cobalt and copper from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Cobalt and copper are critical metals to the growing market for rechargeable batteries, particularly in electric vehicles, in addition to long-term established applications for the metals. There are now more than 300 million electric vehicles on the road, including more than 5 million cars (many of which rely on cobalt chemistries). Consistently comprising over 60% of global production of cobalt, and the fifth largest producer of copper in the world, the Democratic Republic of the Congo plays an indispensable role in the upstream supply chain of these metals.
Digital Platforms in Africa: the „Uberisation“ of Informal Work
German Institute of global and area studies (GIGA)
The “Uberisation” of work – the increasing use of digital platforms by selfemployed service providers – is often seen as a pathway into precarious employment in rich countries. In Africa, quite the opposite may be true: the rise of digital platforms offers new opportunities for informal entrepreneurs to become more productive, and eventually formalise.
Social Entrepreneurs’ Responses to the Refugee Crisis in Jordan and Lebanon
Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
Following the outbreak of the civil war in Syria in 2011, an estimated 1.5 million and 1.3 million Syrian refugees sought a safe haven in Lebanon and Jordan respectively. In their efforts to manage the situation, the authorities in both countries have been supported by international community and civil society. Increasingly, private sector has been stepping in as well. Among many institutions and individuals aiming to alleviate the situation, an increasing number of less traditional actors – social entrepreneurs – could be also observed. Against this background, the main of this exploratory study was to explore the ways in which social entrepreneurs in Jordan and Lebanon have been helping to alleviate the refugee crisis in both countries.
In Dire Straits?: Implications of U.S.-Iran Tensions for the Global Oil Market
The Center on Global Energy Policy - School Of International And Public Affairs (SIPA)
In recent months, Iran has responded to rising tensions with the United States—particularly the US launch of the “maximum pressure” campaign against Iran—by attacking oil tankers and infrastructure in the Persian Gulf region around the Strait of Hormuz (the Strait) one of the world’s most critical energy chokepoints.This study was designed to examine three scenarios for military conflict between Iran and the United States and assess the potential impacts on global oil prices—as one specific representation of the immediate economic impact of conflict—as well as broader strategic implications.
Mapping More of China's Tech Giants: AI and Surveillance
Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI)
ASPI’s International Cyber Policy Centre has updated the public database that maps the global expansion of key Chinese technology companies. This update adds a further 11 companies and organisations. Our public database now maps 23 companies and organisations and is visualised through our interactive website, Mapping China’s Technology Giants. The website seeks to give policymakers, academics, journalists, government officials and other interested readers a more holistic picture of the increasingly global reach of China’s tech giants.