01 October 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
The COVID-19 Gender Gap How Women’s Experience and Expertise Will Drive Economic Recovery
It has been well established that gender equality is both a social and human rights issue. In recent years, research has amply demonstrated that it also makes economic sense: according to one estimate, greater gender equality has the potential to add $13 trillion to global GDP over the next decade. In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has made gender equality even more of an economic imperative. As economies struggle worldwide, there is an urgent need for policymakers to restore confidence, preserve financial stability and revive growth, aligning short-term solutions to medium and long-term sustainable objectives.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Governance, Climate Change and Mobility in Ethiopia
Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
Ethiopia's geostrategic position in the Horn of Africa and its political status within Africa, including accomodating the headquarters of the African union, ensures that its political syabylity and economic development are in the international soptlight. Its population, aproaching 110 million, urgently needs the benefitis of economic development, as the county is currently ranked 173 out 189 on the global Human Development Index (2017) and has a per capita income of $790 (2018). The international community needs Ethiopia to remain a factor of stability in a highly unstable region. Both sets of needs have direct significance for the form and practice of governance.
How an IGAD Regional Maritime Council can boost trade
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region spans geostrategic waterways of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the western Indian Ocean. In ancient times, these routes were a conduit for African trade to and from Arabia, India and beyond. It is time for IGAD to maximise the potential of maritime trade by establishing a Regional Maritime Council that can revitalise maritime industries and promote economic integration.
The Situation in Lybia
United Nations (UN)
This document urge to the parties to ensure the full, equal, effective and meaningful participation of women in all activities and decision-making relating to democratic transition, conflict resolution and peacebuilding, recognising the need to protect women’s rights organisations, and women peacebuilders from threats and reprisals and supporting the efforts of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General and UNSMIL to facilitate wider engagement and participation of women from across all the spectrum of Libyan society.
Côte d’Ivoire : reporter pour dialoguer
International Crisis Group
En Côte d’Ivoire, les tensions autour du scrutin présidentiel du 31 octobre laissent craindre une confrontation violente entre les trois forces politiques qui se disputent le pouvoir depuis 1995. Ces tensions ont fait au moins quatorze morts depuis la mi-août. Le verrouillage sécuritaire mis en place par les autorités a momentanément ramené le calme dans le pays, mais le contentieux qui oppose pouvoir et opposition rend improbable l’organisation d’un scrutin apaisé, dont les résultats seraient acceptés par tous. Cette élection devait être l’occasion de clore une longue crise et de passer la main à une nouvelle génération.
Hezbollah: Caught on the Horns of a Deterrence Dilemma
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies
Hezbollah wishes to both maintain and change the status quo vis-à-vis Israel, a circle it is attempting to square by threatening retaliation while simultaneously doing what it can to avoid escalation. This inherent contradiction has left Hezbollah with few viable options, leading to a series of tactical failures and an increased need to deliver some kind of success, however cosmetic. The result is a greater likelihood of inadvertent escalation along Israel’s northern border.
Gulf States’ Climate Change Policies Amid a Global Pandemic
Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington
Gulf Arab states’ climate change policies and responses have evolved since the adoption of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, and the coronavirus pandemic has raised questions as to what the implications will be on climate change agendas. This paper provides an updated account of six Gulf Arab states’ climate change policies and their evolution over the past two decades through the end of 2019. It examines the immediate related impacts of the coronavirus pandemic and identifies the external and internal factors.
Peacebuilding during a Pandemic Keeping the Focus on Women’s Inclusion
International Peace Institute (IPI)
This year was expected to be an opportunity to assess the past twenty years of progress on the women, peace, and security (WPS) agenda. Instead, it has been upended by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has dominated the international community’s attention and put recent gains for WPS at risk. One of the areas most at risk is the participation of women in peacebuilding efforts and peace processes, which is already a part of the WPS agenda where progress has been limited.
Financing Small Business Is Critical for a Strong Post-Covid Recovery
Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS)
Small businesses constitute more than 90 percent of the global private sector, providing 70 percent of all the jobs, and drive half the global economy. With the sector already facing a significant financing gap even before the outbreak of the deadly Covid-19 virus, the pandemic has only made the financial vulnerabilities an existential threat for many firms.
Key Governance Issues in Space
Center for Strategic & International studies (CSIS)
Each year, new actors enter the space domain and bring new technologies and challenges. This paper explores how current international gobernance structures are keeping pace with the increased activity and diversity of space missions. It dives into three key governance areas for the space domain.