1 April 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Peace and Security Council Report No 133
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
What can the AU do about the conflict in Mozambique? Could new mediators resolve the GERD dispute? Beside those two, the March 2021 Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: Still a long way to go to financial independence for the AU; AMISOM should provide more than security in Somalia; and the PSC Interview with Tim Murithi: ‘Magufuli’s passing could renew relationships in the EAC.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Special Envoy for Libya Ján Kubiš Briefing to the UN Security Council
United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)
“The House of Representatives on 10 March overwhelmingly endorsed the Government of National Unity (GNU)”, Ján Kubiš told the Security Council during his first briefing as Special Envoy, and Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL). Based on a “legal and constitutional framework”, the Special Envoy outlined guidelines for presidential and parliamentary elections and urged officials to start working on election laws without delay – a high bar, given current divisions.
Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet - South Sudan
Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)
South Sudan is highly vulnerable to climate change, including flooding, droughts and, most recently, a locust infestation. Long-term climate change, like a gradual increase in temperature, and short-term changes, like increased flooding, have indirect and interlinked implications for peace and security in South Sudan. Climate-related livestock losses compound ongoing rivalries, increasing the risk of cattle raiding, which can trigger retaliations, communal conflicts, displacement and the growth of new or existing armed groups.
Entre espoir et désespoir - Adaptation pastorale au Burkina Faso
The Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael)
En juillet 2020, l’hebdomadaire Jeune Afrique a publié un article sur les liens entre le pastoralisme et les organisations extrémistes violentes (OEV) au Sahel. L’article dépeint la situation du point de vue des agriculteurs pastoralistes, cernés d’un côté par la rhétorique, la propagande et les tentatives de recrutement des OEV et de l’autre, par les forces de défense des communautés agricoles locales qui ciblent les pastoralistes, qu’ils soupçonnent d’entretenir des liens avec les OEV. Pourquoi les agriculteurs pastoralistes du Sahel se retrouvent-ils dans cette situation précaire?
New approach to peace needed in the Central African Republic
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Sixty years after gaining independence, the Central African Republic is still struggling to consolidate as a state. Despite many attempts to stabilise it, the country remains trapped in the vicious cycle of violence that began in late 2012. Violent rejection of the December 2020 election results threatens the 2019 Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation. A new approach is needed to break the cycle of violence and instability.
Palestinian Elections: A Key to a Return to Negotiations of a Peace with Israel?
Brussels International Center (BIC)
On January 15, President Mahmoud Abbas issued a decree to hold three elections this year: Palestinian Legislative Council on Saturday, 22/05/2021, President of the State of Palestine on Saturday, 31/07/2021, the Palestinian National Council on 31/08/2021. First, will elections happen? Will this move if successful lead to a revival of negotiations for a peace deal with Israel?
The Case for More Inclusive and More Effective Peacemaking in Yemen
International Crisis Group
The Yemen war is entering its seventh year. Why does it matter? Women and civil society organisations play a key role in local mediation and peacebuilding. Their support will be critical to supporting any ceasefire and subsequent stabilisation efforts. Leaving them out of talks dramatically reduces prospects for longer-term peace, even if the warring parties do agree on a ceasefire.
Curse or Blessing? How cheap oil influences conflict dynamics
European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
When the price of oil goes down, there is often a sigh of relief among oil-importing countries, as cheap oil means a boost for the economy and increased savings for consumers and businesses. Yet, for oil-exporting countries cheap oil means increased poverty and tighter budgets – a recipe for instability and conflict. This Conflict Series Brief analyses the effects of the recent pandemic-induced oil price shock on three vulnerable, conflict-affected countries.
Report of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization
United Nations (UN)
The Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization was convened in accordance with General Assembly resolution 75/140, which requested the Special Committee to continue its consideration of all proposals concerning the question of the maintenance of international peace and security in all its aspects in order to strengthen the role of the United Nations and to consider other proposals relating to the maintenance of international peace and security.
The Aswan Conclusions on Sustainable Peace and Development in Africa - Second Edition
Cairo Regional Center for Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa (CCCPA)
Titled, “Shaping Africa’s New Normal: Recovering Better, Rebuilding Stronger”, the second edition of the Aswan Forum for Sustainable Peace and Development provided a platform for African heads of state, and leaders from government, international and regional organizations, the private sector, think tanks and civil society to discuss how Africa can rechart its pathway towards achieving sustainable peace and development post-COVID-19 through innovative solutions and robust partnerships.