Weekly Security Readings 24 April 2019

Apr 24, 2019

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

    

READING OF THE WEEK

Overall assessment of progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali

United Nations Security Council

The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 6 of Security Council resolution 2423 (2018), in which the Council requested me to report, six months after the presidential inauguration, on progress achieved in the implementation of the measures referenced in paragraph 4 of the resolution and of the benchmarks developed in the framework of the Pact for Peace.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Regional Policies and Response to Manage Pastoral Movements within the ECOWAS Region 

International Organization for Migration - IOM

Livestock production plays a central economic role in the ECOWAS region, contributing from 5 per cent (Cote d’Ivoire) to 44 per cent (Mali) to agricultural GDP. In the Sahel countries, the contribution of the livestock sector to agricultural GDP is estimated at 40 per cent, reaching 50 per cent if animal traction, manure and the transformation of animal products (e.g. leather, milk) are counted as well.

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The New Sea People: China in the Mediterranean

Istituto Affari Internazionali - IAI

The surge in overseas investment that has accompanied China’s Belt and Road Initiative has swept into Mediterranean region. Italy, Greece, Spain and Turkey have all seen substantial increases in Chinese investment in the last five years. As Europe’s largest supplier of imports, China and its state-owned enterprises have shown special interest in acquiring powerful positions in transportation infrastructure, especially the region’s fast growing ports.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Iraq: Security situation

European Asylum Support Office

The purpose of this security situation report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of international protection status determination (refugee status and subsidiary protection). The terms of reference of this report were defined by EASO based on discussions held and input received from COI experts and policy experts from EU+ countries within the framework of a Country Guidance Network exercise to develop a Country Guidance Note on Iraq.

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Iraq: Security situation (supplement) - Iraq Body Count - civilian deaths 2012, 2017-2018

European Asylum Support Office

The data on civilian deaths/incidents contained in this report was gathered, extracted, analysed and presented by Iraq Body Count (IBC), with coordination and facilitation by EASO’s Country of Origin Information (COI) sector team.  This report is an information source supplemental to the EASO COI report Iraq: Security situation, which was drafted by the COI units of Sweden, Belgium, and France.

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TRANSNATIONAL

 

Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Compendium of Projects 2010–2017

International Organization for Migration - IOM

Over the past 25 years and through more than 120 projects, IOM has supported Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programmes for ex-combatants/fighters, their dependents and their communities of return by assisting in the transition and recovery of conflict affected societies and communities, primarily through reintegration activities. These activities have been undertaken in more than 30 countries, with particularly extensive work done in Colombia and sub-Saharan Africa.

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Exploring the Links Between Enhancing Regular Pathways and Discouraging Irregular Migration

International Organization for Migration - IOM

One of the main challenges today for both national governments and transnational/international governance institutions is how to manage international migration, i.e. balancing the interests and needs of transit and host countries, countries of destination, and those of the migrants and their families. Safe, orderly and regular migration is recognized as beneficial to all parties involved.

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Strengthening responses to child trafficking and modern slavery

International Organization for Migration - IOM

The Child Trafficking Protection Fund was designed to provide opportunities to pilot new ways to address vulnerabilities of children to trafficking and modern slavery in the United Kingdom and beyond. With its international footprint and local capacity-building experience, IOM proposed to reduce this vulnerability by raising awareness and knowledge about trafficking and risks for particular nationalities amongst foster carers, while increasing unaccompanied children’s understanding of foster care.
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Introduction to China’s Military Operations other than war

Rajaratnam School of International Studies - RSIS

With its increasing capability witnessed in recent decades, the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) conduct of military operations other than war (MOOTW) remains woefully understudied. With most analyses concurring it improbable that Beijing would engage in traditional security operations in the foreseeable future, responses to non-traditional security (NTS) threats would appear to be an aspect where the PLA’s capabilities will continue to be showcased.
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How to have better discussions about Gender, Sexuality and Safety in Field Research

Danish Institute for International Studies

When researchers from various disciplines do immersed field research, there is often a need to confront questions about gendered and sexualized safety. Reports from field researchers from around the world show that unsafe situations in the form of sexual harassment, assault and violence are recurring, especially for female and LGBTQ researchers.
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30 innovations for Disaster Risk Reduction

IRIDeS, Keio University, the University of Tokyo, UNU-IAS,
CWS Japan

The need for increased application of innovation and technology for disaster risk reduction (DRR) has never been greater in order to foster new development and implementation of more effective evidence-based approaches. Tremendous DRR efforts have been ongoing for many years; however, further improvements and new methods of DRR beyond the conventional and traditional initiatives are urgently required, especially those related to serious underlying causes such as climate change, poverty, urbanization, population density, and environmental degradation.
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