Weekly Security Readings 06 June 2019

Jun 6, 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
 
 

READING OF THE WEEK

Women’s role in peace processes

European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs

The aim of this study is to provide insight on the meaningful inclusion of women - where women have decision-making authority - in peace and transition processes. The first chapter examines progress on the implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 and subsequent resolutions. An assessment of global commitments, European Union application of the Women, Peace and Security agenda (WPS), National Action Plans (NAPs) and global peace and security indicators are presented.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Sahel and West Africa Annual Report 2018

Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat - SWAC/OECD

United beyond national borders by common traditions and languages, the Sahel and West Africa region is home to some 400 million inhabitants in 2018 – a population that is increasingly young, urban and mobile. Over the past decades, West African settlement areas and urban networks have expanded and crossed borders, reinforcing economic, commercial and social interdependencies and creating immense opportunities for growth and development. However, food, health and security crises are also spreading throughout the region.

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Managing Africas Rising Debt: Time for a Multi-pronged Approach

Global Economic Governance Africa

Debt sustainability in Africa has emerged as a key concern among policymakers and development finance institutions (DFIs). Currently, 19 out of 54 countries in Africa exceed the 60% debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) threshold prescribed by the African Monetary Co-operation Programme (AMCP) and 24 countries have surpassed the 55% debt-to-GDP ratio suggested by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

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Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Central Africa and the Activities of the UN Regional

United Nations

The present report is submitted pursuant to the statement of the President of the Security Council dated 10 August 2018 (S/PRST/2018/17), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to keep it informed about the activities of the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA). It provides an assessment of the major political and security developments and trends in Central Africa since the report of the Secretary-General dated 29 November 2018 (S/2018/1065) and covers the period from 30 November 2018 to 15 May 2019.

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Education- Focused Gender Analysis Case Studies: Pibor and Juba, South Sudan

OXFAM International

The analysis focuses specifically on gender issues as they relate to education, but it also aims to analyse gendered power relations between men and women and boys and girls and the differences in their roles and responsibilities, decision-making power, the barriers and constraints they face and their coping mechanisms, along with the specific needs and concerns of girls and boys both in and out of school and gendered vulnerabilities and differential access to education in the locations selected.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Dominance versus Disruption: A symmetry in Gulf Security

Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington - AGSIW

The Gulf Arab states and Iran have very different security objectives that require disparate financial outlays to meet their strategic goals. Gulf Arab states spend a massive amount of money on defense and they outspend Iran many times over. Iran generally is able to achieve its security aims efficiently and certainly less expensively than are the Gulf Arab states. While this imbalance has prompted considerable discussion, this paper considers the contrasting security objectives of the Gulf Arab states and Iran as a major cause.

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Against all Odds: Intricate Dynamics of Syria’s Reconstruction

Centre for Syrian Studies - CSS

This  issue  of Syria Studies includes five articles; the first three of which were produced as part of a World bank (WB) initiative, while the last (State-led urban development in Syria and the prospects for effective  post-conflict  reconstruction by Nadine Almanasfi) is  a separate study, though clearly pertinent to the content of this issue.

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Women in leadership positions: local perceptions and obstacles in Ma’an

Euro-Mediterranean Women’s Foundation - EMWF

This diagnosis focuses on Jordanian women’s practice of power and political responsibilities. It analyses existing legislations related to women’s involvement in the public life. It also explores local perceptions in this regard through a survey gauging the opinion of more than 400 people. This survey targeted Ma’an Governorate using a statistical and participatory approach. It provides insightful findings on social attitudes towards political commitment, the functioning of institutions and leadership through the lens of gender.
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TRANSNATIONAL

Mapping threats to peace and democracy worldwide Introduction to the Normandy Index

European Parliamentary Research Service - EPRS

This year marks the centenary of the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty which formally ended the First World War. During these hundred years Europe has witnessed a devastating second world war, but it has also been the stage for one of the most important achievements of democratic peace: the ever closer union between 28 European states guided by the same values – the values that underpin lasting peace.

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Ten Years After the Global Food Price Crisis, Rural Women Still Bear the Brunt of Poverty and Hunger

OXFAM International

Agricultural development once again became the focus of international attention following the spike in global cereal prices in 2007-2008. The slow, steady decline in the price of staple grains since the early 1960s had led both aid donors and developing-country governments to put agriculture on the back burner for decades.

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