The NSD-S Hub: Urbanization in Africa and Middle East
Jan 30, 2019
In Africa, urbanization is projected to continue to increase at an unprecedented pace. In 2015, Africa’s urban population was close to 40 percent. By 2050, more than 60 percent of the continent will live in urban areas. In the Middle East, the rate of urbanization also increased dramatically from the 1960s to 2000s, but has recently slowed down. Urbanization has nonetheless transformed the Middle East and promises to have a significant impact on Africa as well. Both the rapidity of urbanization and the reason for its occurrence—due primarily to demographic upward trends (i.e., decreases in infant and maternal mortality etc.) as opposed to rural-urban migration—differentiate this period of change from other periods of rural-urban migration.
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