Renewal of the Authorization for International Naval Forces fighting Piracy off the Somali Coast
Despite the absence of successful piracy attacks off the coast of Somalia in 2020, the threat of piracy and armed robbery at sea remains a challenge.
Taking into account the situation in the country and the possible consequences for international peace and security in the region, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted Resolution 2254/2020 on 4 December, 2020.
This Resolution renewed, for a period of 12 months, the authorization for States and regional organizations cooperating with Somali authorities and International Naval Forces fighting Piracy off the Somali Coast. Notwithstanding improvements in Somalia, the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) and Law Enforcement Task Force (LETF) efforts in facilitating the prosecution of suspected pirates and facilitators, and the action of international organizations and mechanisms, there is still a need to enhance the effectiveness of Somalia’s national Coast Guard through Human Resources development, training and the building and equipping of Coast Guard stations.
The Authorization was first established under UNSC Resolution 1846/2008, authorizing entry into the territorial waters of Somalia and the use of all necessary means to repress acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea, under the relevant international law.
Acknowledging that piracy off the coast of Somalia has been repressed but not eradicated, international cooperation and assistance to Somalia’s capacity building will be crucial to keeping secure this important sea line of communication which is vital to the development of regional peace.