[ © SAIIA ]
Africa possesses significant reserves of the minerals that are essential for batteries, solar panels and other green tech that will underpin the energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables. Africa’s mining industry, however, remains largely structured around a “pit-to-port” model that channels mineral ores elsewhere for processing.
[ © European Council On Foreign Relations ]
European countries are rethinking their policies on multilateral development in the face of intersecting crises, geopolitical competition, and a loss of trust from the global south. The search for improved responses to global challenges such as climate change and pandemic disease has given new impetus to multilateral efforts.
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